2,349 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Fatigue induces long-lasting detrimental changes in motor-skill learning

    Meret Branscheidt et al.
    A series of experiments shows how muscle fatigue impairs motor-skill learning on subsequent practice days beyond its effects on task execution.
    1. Neuroscience

    A critical re-evaluation of fMRI signatures of motor sequence learning

    Eva Berlot et al.
    A systematic assessment of previously proposed fMRI metrics of motor sequence learning reveals widespread activity reductions and subtle multivariate pattern changes outside of primary motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the amplitude and burst rate of beta oscillations impair reward-dependent motor learning in anxiety

    Sebastian Sporn et al.
    State anxiety alters the dynamics of beta oscillations during reward-dependent motor learning, thereby impairing proper updating of motor predictions when learning in unstable environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gating of neural error signals during motor learning

    Rhea R Kimpo et al.
    Electrode recordings and optogenetics reveal that the cerebellum can modulate its response to error signals from the brainstem during motor learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Skill learning strengthens cortical representations of motor sequences

    Tobias Wiestler, Jörn Diedrichsen
    Detailed analysis of fMRI data shows that sequences of movements are associated with individual patterns of neural activity that become more distinct with training.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of task outcome on implicit motor learning

    Hyosub E Kim et al.
    During a sensorimotor perturbation, task outcome may serve as a gain on implicit adaptation or provide a distinct error signal for a second, independent implicit learning process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deleting Mecp2 from the cerebellum rather than its neuronal subtypes causes a delay in motor learning in mice

    Nathan P Achilly et al.
    The loss of Mecp2 results in cerebellar dysfunction that contributes to the motor deficits in Rett syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Target-specific membrane potential dynamics of neocortical projection neurons during goal-directed behavior

    Takayuki Yamashita, Carl CH Petersen
    A learning-induced, motor-related, projection-specific signal from S1 to S2 accompanies reward-based-learning of a goal-directed sensorimotor transformation of whisker sensation into licking motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit mechanism for regulating vocal variability during song learning in zebra finches

    Jonathan Garst-Orozco et al.
    By demonstrating song learning-related synaptic strengthening and pruning in the vocal control circuits of songbirds, and showing how such changes can reduce the sensitivity of the circuit to ‘noisy’ inputs, a simple neural circuit mechanism for regulating motor variability during motor skill learning is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interaction of plasticity and circuit organization during the acquisition of cerebellum-dependent motor learning

    Yan Yang, Stephen G Lisberger
    During learning, one climbing fiber input instructs plasticity that is expressed in the simple-spike responses of cerebellar Purkinje cells, and causes neural learning that may inhibit future climbing fiber instructions.

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