693 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interaction of plasticity and circuit organization during the acquisition of cerebellum-dependent motor learning

    Yan Yang, Stephen G Lisberger
    During learning, one climbing fiber input instructs plasticity that is expressed in the simple-spike responses of cerebellar Purkinje cells, and causes neural learning that may inhibit future climbing fiber instructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticostriatal dynamics encode the refinement of specific behavioral variability during skill learning

    Fernando J Santos et al.
    Recordings from the mouse brain as animals learn a lever pressing task reveal how the motor system optimizes skill learning by reducing variability in those aspects of task performance that are essential for achieving a goal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interhemispherically dynamic representation of an eye movement-related activity in mouse frontal cortex

    Takashi R Sato et al.
    Optogenetically induced motor disruption can evoke plasticity in the mouse frontal cortex that compensates for the motor deficits, accompanying changes in inter-hemispheric motor representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic plasticity of intrinsic conductance and electrical coupling restores synchrony in an intact motor network

    Brian J Lane et al.
    Neural networks like the crustacean cardiac ganglion employ multi-faceted compensatory mechanisms to achieve the stability and robustness that are critical to long-term function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sushi domain-containing protein 4 controls synaptic plasticity and motor learning

    Inés González-Calvo et al.
    SUSD4 loss-of-function induces misregulation of GLUA2 degradation and of synaptic plasticity suggesting a mechanism for its potential contribution to neurodevelopmental disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.

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