2,951 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational distributions of isolated myosin motor domains encode their mechanochemical properties

    Justin R Porter et al.
    Shifts in the balance between nucleotide-favorable and nucleotide-unfavorable conformations of myosin motors encode duty ratios and ADP release rates, demonstrating the power of an ensemble perspective for uncovering sequence-function relationships.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypoexcitability precedes denervation in the large fast-contracting motor units in two unrelated mouse models of ALS

    María de Lourdes Martínez-Silva et al.
    The most vulnerable motor units lose a fundamental firing property before the denervation of their muscle fibers in ALS mice, changing our view of the role of excitability in neurodegeneration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dynamic range adaptation in primary motor cortical populations

    Robert G Rasmussen et al.
    Motor neurons adjust their sensitivity to direction of movement in a manner analogous to how neurons in the visual system adjust their sensitivity to light.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Piezo1 forms a slowly-inactivating mechanosensory channel in mouse embryonic stem cells

    Josefina Inés del Mármol et al.
    Piezo1 exhibits markedly different kinetic behavior in different cellular contexts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Active contraction of microtubule networks

    Peter J Foster et al.
    Microtubule networks in frog egg extracts can spontaneously contract in a manner that can be quantitatively described by an active fluid model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar patients have intact feedback control that can be leveraged to improve reaching

    Amanda M Zimmet et al.
    A control system model of cerebellar patients' movements provides insight into the cerebellum's role in reaching and informs a virtual reality intervention to improve patient reaches.
    1. Neuroscience

    The auditory representation of speech sounds in human motor cortex

    Connie Cheung et al.
    Brain activity patterns in motor cortex differ when we listen to speech as opposed to produce it.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Role of Tim17 in coupling the import motor to the translocation channel of the mitochondrial presequence translocase

    Keren Demishtein-Zohary et al.
    First two transmembrane segments of Tim17 are involved in interaction with the channel and the second two with the motor of the presequence translocase suggesting how proteins are handed over during their translocation into mitochondria.

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