162 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Olfactory connectivity mediates sleep-dependent food choices in humans

    Surabhi Bhutani et al.
    Sleep deprivation enhances energy-dense food choices and encoding of olfactory information in the human brain.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA Polymerase II cluster dynamics predict mRNA output in living cells

    Won-Ki Cho et al.
    Quantitative super resolution imaging, in live mammalian cells, reveals a direct relationship between protein clustering dynamics and the number of mRNA transcribed at an endogenous gene locus.
    1. Cell Biology

    An extensive program of periodic alternative splicing linked to cell cycle progression

    Daniel Dominguez et al.
    Extensive periodic regulation of alternative splicing during the cell cycle in genes is linked to cell cycle functions, and involves an auto-inhibitory mechanism that uses the protein kinase CLK1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nuclear microenvironments modulate transcription from low-affinity enhancers

    Albert Tsai et al.
    Efficient transcription from low-affinity enhancers is driven by nuclear microenvironments of transcription factors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Age- and diet-associated metabolome remodeling characterizes the aging process driven by damage accumulation

    Andrei S Avanesov et al.
    Aging is a process characterized by gradual metabolome remodeling, deceleration of the remodeling in late life and under conditions that extend lifespan, and a mortality-associated pattern of cumulative damage.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Wg and Dpp morphogens regulate gene expression by modulating the frequency of transcriptional bursts

    Rachael Bakker et al.
    Experimental results in Drosophila support a model in which gene expression is fundamentally controlled by morphogens tuning the same transcription parameter for genes that are expressed in highly diverse patterns.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase with bound native cardiolipin

    Alexander Mühleip et al.
    The atomic model of a mitochondrial ATP synthase dimer underlies functions of its specific protein constituents and boundary cardiolipins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Gating mechanisms during actin filament elongation by formins

    Fikret Aydin et al.
    Formins slow elongation of actin filament by either sterically blocking the addition of actin subunits or flattening the helical twist of the filament end.

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