119 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    c-Maf restrains T-bet-driven programming of CCR6-negative group 3 innate lymphoid cells

    Caroline Tizian et al.
    c-Maf is a novel key regulator of the type 3-to-1 conversion of CCR6 ILC3s that controls the functional plasticity of ILC3s by acting as a cell-intrinsic gatekeeper of T-bet expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch and TLR signaling coordinate monocyte cell fate and inflammation

    Jaba Gamrekelashvili et al.
    Notch signaling alters TLR-induced inflammation by skewing monocyte cell fate toward patrolling monocyte differentiation at the expense of macrophage cell fate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical basis and physiological role of cerebrospinal fluid transport through the murine cribriform plate

    Jordan N Norwood et al.
    Chemical ablation of olfactory sensory neurons blocks cerebrospinal fluid outflow into the nasal epithelium, leading to alterations of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Immune-mediated hookworm clearance and survival of a marine mammal decrease with warmer ocean temperatures

    Mauricio Seguel et al.
    In years with colder ocean temperatures, fur seal pups receive more maternal care and have a better energy balance, clearing hookworm infection earlier, which increases their chances of survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ILC3 GM-CSF production and mobilisation orchestrate acute intestinal inflammation

    Claire Pearson et al.
    Innate lymphoid cells, which are dynamic under steady-state conditions, respond to a colitogenic stimulus by mobilizing from cryptopatches and secreting GM-CSF to organize the pro-inflammatory response.
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.

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