35 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid localized spread and immunologic containment define Herpes simplex virus-2 reactivation in the human genital tract

    Joshua T Schiffer et al.
    A combination of detailed sampling and mathematical modeling suggests that the response of immune cells to reactivation of herpes simplex virus 2 is extremely rapid and effective within microscopic areas of genital skin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal infection rewires TNFɑ signaling dynamics to skew susceptibility to recurrence

    Lu Yu et al.
    Polarizing susceptibilities to recurrent bladder infection are shaped by a duality in TNFɑ-mediated inflammation dynamics upon challenge infection that is dictated by the outcome of the initial infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SOX2 regulates acinar cell development in the salivary gland

    Elaine Emmerson et al.
    Establishment of the acinar lineage in the salivary gland requires SOX2 and parasympathetic nerves.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Daple is a novel non-receptor GEF required for trimeric G protein activation in Wnt signaling

    Nicolas Aznar et al.
    Daple is a guanine nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) for trimeric G proteins that enables Wnt/Frizzled receptors to transactivate G proteins during non-canonical Wnt signaling.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal development in a Waddington landscape

    Yayoi Teramoto et al.
    An integrated landscape framework shows how the coordinated changes in vocal apparatus, muscles, nervous system, and social interaction together influence the trajectory of vocal development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host-selected mutations converging on a global regulator drive an adaptive leap towards symbiosis in bacteria

    M Sabrina Pankey et al.
    Selective forces imposed by the squid animal host drive rapid adaptation of non-native Vibrio fischeri bacteria through convergent mutations of large effect, unmasking preexisting coordinated regulation of symbiosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel L1CAM isoform with angiogenic activity generated by NOVA2-mediated alternative splicing

    Francesca Angiolini et al.
    Endothelial cells express a soluble isoform of the L1CAM cell adhesion molecule that is generated by the splicing factor NOVA2 and induces angiogenesis, with relevant implications for ovarian cancer vascularization.

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