2,644 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Looking back and looking forward at Janelia

    Gerald M Rubin, Erin K O'Shea
    The Janelia Research Campus opened its doors 12 years ago: we describe the philosophy underpinning Janelia, the lessons learned, and plans for the future.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unlimited potential of the great pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis

    István Fodor et al.
    The great pond snail is a multipurpose model organism and a contemporary choice for addressing a wide range of biological questions, problems and phenomena in the laboratory and the field.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two-component Signaling Pathways: A bacterial Goldilocks mechanism

    Irene M Kim, Hendrik Szurmant
    Bacillus subtilis can measure the activity of the enzymes that remodel the cell wall to ensure that the levels of activity are ‘just right’.
    Insight
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  1. Research: Theory, models and biology

    Wenying Shou et al.
    Theoretical ideas have a rich history in many areas of biology, and new theories and mathematical models have much to offer in the future.
    Editorial
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.

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