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127 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Extracellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility

    Monika E Dolega et al.
    Theoretical predictions and experiments on multicellular aggregates indicate that the extracellular matrix acts as a mechanical sensor, which regulates cell proliferation and migration in a three-dimensional environment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quorum sensing controls Vibrio cholerae multicellular aggregate formation

    Matthew Jemielita et al.
    A quorum-sensing-controlled program of multicellularity, aggregation, is identified in Vibrio cholerae, which may be important for transitions between the marine niche and the human host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Regulated aggregative multicellularity in a close unicellular relative of metazoa

    Arnau Sebé-Pedrós et al.
    The transition to the aggregative stage of Capsaspora owczarzaki, a close unicellular relative to Metazoa, is associated with significant upregulation of orthologs of genes that are important for multicellularity in metazoans.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Collective forces of tumor spheroids in three-dimensional biopolymer networks

    Christoph Mark et al.
    The forces that multicellular tumor aggregates exert on their environment lead to non-linear, scale-invariant tissue deformations far away from the tumor, which can be exploited to quantify its collective contractility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of an ancient protein function involved in organized multicellularity in animals

    Douglas P Anderson et al.
    Experimentally reconstructing the evolution of the molecular complex that animals use to orient the mitotic spindle establishes a simple genetic and physical mechanism for the emergence of a function essential for multicellularity.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Tumor Biology: Cells under pressure

    Dhiraj Indana, Ovijit Chaudhuri
    A new method for applying solid stress to aggregates of cells is shedding light on the impact of mechanical forces on cancer cells.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolution of an intricate J-protein network driving protein disaggregation in eukaryotes

    Nadinath B Nillegoda et al.
    The emergence of complementary electrostatic potentials after the prokaryotic-to-eukaryotic split drives physical and functional cooperation between canonical class A and class B J-proteins to boost protein disaggregation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics in filamentous and unicellular actinobacteria

    Félix Ramos-León et al.
    Identification of a novel regulator that directly influences the assembly and function of the cell division machinery in industrially and medically important bacteria.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Symbiont location, host fitness, and possible coadaptation in a symbiosis between social amoebae and bacteria

    Longfei Shu et al.
    Morphological and fitness defects imposed on amoebae hosts by Burkholderia symbionts demonstrates symbiont species-specific effects and provides evidence of host adaptation to naturally acquired symbionts.

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