310 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Visually-updated hand state estimates modulate the proprioceptive reflex independently of motor task requirements

    Sho Ito, Hiroaki Gomi
    Distortion and elimination of limb visual feedback affects low-level stretch reflex control, indicating the involvement of a high-level and multimodal representation of the limb state in orchestrating hierarchical sensorimotor control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding and control of orientation to airflow by a set of Drosophila fan-shaped body neurons

    Timothy A Currier et al.
    Electrophysiology identifies a population of fan-shaped body neurons that encode airflow in two directions relative to the fly midline and whose silencing disrupts proper orientation to airflow.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amyloid and tau accumulate across distinct spatial networks and are differentially associated with brain connectivity

    Joana B Pereira et al.
    The amyloid patterns overlap with the default-mode network, whereas the tau patterns overlap with distinct functional networks and are associated with a loss of anatomical connectivity and multiple cognitive functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unimodal statistical learning produces multimodal object-like representations

    Gábor Lengyel et al.
    Mere exposure to scenes with statistical contingencies in the visual or haptic modality alone allows participants to decompose scenes into object-like multimodal representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping cortical mesoscopic networks of single spiking cortical or sub-cortical neurons

    Dongsheng Xiao et al.
    Mesoscale cortical calcium activity correlating with single cortical and thalamic cell spiking reveal rich dynamics and support a novel approach for investigating in vivo functional networks in the mammalian brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inferring multi-scale neural mechanisms with brain network modelling

    Michael Schirner et al.
    Hybrid brain network models predict neurophysiological processes that link structural and functional empirical data across scales and modalities in order to better understand neural information processing and its relation to brain function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-scale mapping along the auditory hierarchy using high-resolution functional UltraSound in the awake ferret

    Célian Bimbard et al.
    Functional UltraSound imaging allows mapping tonotopic organisation in multiple auditory subcortical and cortical brain structures with an unprecedented spatial functional resolution, while giving access to long-distance top-down connectivity pattern from frontal cortex to auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Computer-guided design of optimal microbial consortia for immune system modulation

    Richard R Stein et al.
    A computational method is presented that quantifies the effect that specific bacteria in the gut have on the immune system and guides the design of therapeutically potent microbial consortia to cure auto-immune disease.

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