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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Phenotypic Diversity: Setting the bar

    Charles Y Feigin, Ricardo Mallarino
    Analyzing the genomes of rock pigeons demonstrates that genetic variation comes in many forms and can have unexpected origins.
    Insight
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: Wikidata as a knowledge graph for the life sciences

    Andra Waagmeester et al.
    Wikidata is continuously-updated resource that could improve the efficiency and accuracy of research in many areas of the life and biomedical sciences.
  2. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cutting Edge: Anatomy of BioJS, an open source community for the life sciences

    Guy Yachdav et al.
    Community nurturing is the single most important factor in determining the sustainability of an open source project such as BioJS.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
  3. Science Policy: Reforming research assessment

    Randy Schekman, Mark Patterson
    It is time for the research community to rethink how the outputs of scientific research are evaluated and, as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment makes clear, this should involve replacing the journal impact factor with a broad range of more meaningful approaches.
    Editorial
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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology
    Arabidopsis illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.