270 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Kinesin-4 KIF21B limits microtubule growth to allow rapid centrosome polarization in T cells

    Peter Jan Hooikaas et al.
    Kinesin-4 KIF21B promotes rapid reorientation of the microtubule network during formation of immunological synapse in T cells by acting as a pausing and catastrophe-inducing factor that keeps microtubules short.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A Bayesian approach to dynamic homology of morphological characters and the ancestral phenotype of jawed vertebrates

    Benedict King, Martin Rücklin
    The ancestor of all known jawed vertebrates possessed a maxilla and premaxilla and was similar in morphology to the 'maxillate placoderms' from China.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Therapeutic genetic variation revealed in diverse Hsp104 homologs

    Zachary M March et al.
    Exploring natural Hsp104 variation reveals unexpected tuning of a passive activity that inhibits aggregation of specific substrates to selectively counter TDP-43 or alpha-synuclein proteotoxicity connected to neurodegenerative disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally specialized human CD4+ T-cell subsets express physicochemically distinct TCRs

    Sofya A Kasatskaya et al.
    Functional subsets of helper CD4+ T cells carry TCR repertoires with distinct features that are reproducible across donors and are partially acquired at the level of thymic selection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TFEB/Mitf links impaired nuclear import to autophagolysosomal dysfunction in C9-ALS

    Kathleen M Cunningham et al.
    Impaired nuclear import of the transcription factor TFEB/MITF is a major cause of autophagy and lysosome dysfunction in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis caused by mutations in the C9orf72 gene.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cytosolic calcium regulates cytoplasmic accumulation of TDP-43 through Calpain-A and Importin α3

    Jeong Hyang Park et al.
    Genetic and optogenetic analyses in Drosophila neurons reveal calcium as one of the key regulators of nucleocytoplasmic localization of TDP-43 via Calpain-A and Importin α3.
    1. Neuroscience

    Salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not reliable trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans

    Daniel Martins et al.
    Single measurements of baseline salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not sufficiently reliable to provide valid trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    An interactive meta-analysis of MRI biomarkers of myelin

    Matteo Mancini et al.
    Most MRI-based myelin biomarkers are not statistically different regarding their relationship with histology.

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