1,243 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell assemblies at multiple time scales with arbitrary lag constellations

    Eleonora Russo, Daniel Durstewitz
    A novel statistical algorithm for mining high-dimensional spike train (count) data for significant spatio-temporal patterns reveals new insights into task and brain area dependent functional organization of neural activity.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Circuits: All Purkinje cells are not created equal

    Catarina Albergaria, Megan R Carey
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    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse tubule remodeling enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry in skeletal muscle

    Antonio Michelucci et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show that transverse tubule association with stacks of sarcoplasmic reticulum enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry to replenish Ca2+ stores, maintain Ca2+ release, and maximize force during exercise.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Helix breaking transition in the S4 of HCN channel is critical for hyperpolarization-dependent gating

    Marina A Kasimova et al.
    The gating polarity of a voltage-gated ion channel is primarily determined by turn propensity of residues at a critical position in the middle of the S4 voltage-sensing helix.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.

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