128 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dependence of neurotransmitter release at a high fidelity synapse

    Abdelmoneim Eshra et al.
    The Ca2+-dependence of vesicle priming, fusion, and replenishment at cerebellar mossy fiber boutons show a prominent Ca2+-dependent priming step, a shallow non-saturating dose-response curve up to 50 µM, and little Ca2+-dependence of sustained vesicle replenishment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporo-cerebellar connectivity underlies timing constraints in audition

    Anika Stockert et al.
    With unique lesion-informed tractography, left hemisphere temporo-cerebellar structural connectivity has been established, supporting rapid auditory transmission and cortical functional lateralization.
    1. Neuroscience

    The corticospinal tract primarily modulates sensory inputs in the mouse lumbar cord

    Yunuen Moreno-Lopez et al.
    While the corticospinal tract is often considered exclusively as a motor path, a combination of intersectional viral strategy and in vivo electrophysiology reveals that, in the mouse lumbar cord, its main role is the modulation of sensory inputs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of cephalic and non-cephalic sensory cell types provides insight into joint photo- and mechanoreceptor evolution

    Roger Revilla-i-Domingo et al.
    Molecular, cellular and behavioral genetic approaches in Platynereis dumerilii indicate that r-Opsins can act as ancient, light-dependent modulators of mechanosensation, and suggest that light-independent mechanosensory roles of r-Opsins evolved secondarily.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential conditioning produces merged long-term memory in Drosophila

    Bohan Zhao et al.
    Although flies cannot discriminate shock-paired and -unpaired odor 24 hr after single-trial aversive conditioning, they choose to avoid both of them, which is derived from a merged long-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neuronal networks coordinate Hydra mechanosensory behavior

    Krishna N Badhiwala et al.
    Despite lacking traditional ganglia or centralization, the Hydra nervous system computes sensorimotor responses via localized neuron ensembles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in neurodevelopmental deficits and experience-dependent plasticity in Xenopus laevis

    Sayali V Gore et al.
    Chronic dysregulation of matrix-metalloproteinase 9, which is associated with some neurodevelopmental disorders, leads to local hyperconnectivity in the developing brain, resulting in altered sensory processing and increased seizure susceptibility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Information flow, cell types and stereotypy in a full olfactory connectome

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Synaptic resolution analysis of a full olfactory connectome reveals lateralised circuits, convergence of innate and learned pathways, and shows that homologous neurons are highly stereotyped within and across brains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased influence of prior choices on perceptual decisions in autism

    Helen Feigin et al.
    Perceptual decisions are influenced by preceding choices to a larger extent in individuals with autism spectrum disorder, such that they demonstrate a greater consistency bias.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncovering a ‘sensitive window’ of multisensory and motor neuroplasticity in the cerebrum and cerebellum of male and female starlings

    Jasmien Orije et al.
    Despite the structural sexual dimorphism in the song control system, both male and female starlings experience similar seasonal neuroplasticity in multisensory systems and cerebellum during the photosensitive phase, which acts as a sensitive window of plasticity.

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