157 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Tyramine induces dynamic RNP granule remodeling and translation activation in the Drosophila brain

    Nadia Formicola et al.
    Tyramine-dependent signaling triggers decondensation of neuronal RNP components and rapid translation activation of target mRNAs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intravital quantification reveals dynamic calcium concentration changes across B cell differentiation stages

    Carolin Ulbricht et al.
    Heterogeneity in cytoplasmic calcium concentration alongside B cell activation and differentiation is measured intravitally using an interdisciplinary imaging approach and novel numerical analysis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Pre-complexation of talin and vinculin without tension is required for efficient nascent adhesion maturation

    Sangyoon J Han et al.
    Pre-complexation of vinculin with talin’s R8 domain facilitates nascent adhesion maturation by unfolding talin, increasing vinculin binding, and thereby transmitting traction forces to the environment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FRET-based dynamic structural biology: Challenges, perspectives and an appeal for open-science practices

    Eitan Lerner et al.
    A summary of the current “state-of-the-field” of single-molecule FRET used for probing biomolecular structural dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo reconstitution finds multivalent RNA–RNA interactions as drivers of mesh-like condensates

    Weirui Ma et al.
    Binding of a multivalent RNA-binding protein to mRNAs that are able to form pervasive RNA–RNA interactions induces formation of mesh-like condensates, whereas binding of mostly structured mRNAs induces sphere-like condensates.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding the physical principles of two-component biomolecular phase separation

    Yaojun Zhang et al.
    Phase separation of two-component multivalent systems is suppressed at rational polymer stoichiometries, suggesting possible cellular strategies for regulating the formation and function of biomolecular condensates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Antagonistic roles for Ataxin-2 structured and disordered domains in RNP condensation

    Amanjot Singh et al.
    Ataxin-2 interacts with neuronal mRNA in RNP granules.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin architecture and clustering in vivo

    Siheng Xiang, Douglas Koshland
    Cohesin adopts a flexible butterfly conformation in vivo and forms spatial and temporal regulated ordered clusters to maintain cohesion and condensation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains

    Madeline M Keenen et al.
    Heterochromatin proteins compartmentalize DNA into compact structures resistant to mechanical disruption but susceptible to competitive dissolution.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Single molecule microscopy reveals key physical features of repair foci in living cells

    Judith Miné-Hattab et al.
    Upon DNA damage, Rad52 forms a membraneless sub-compartment where Rad52 molecules are highly dynamic and share properties with liquid-liquid phase-separated molecules, reflecting the existence of a liquid droplet around damaged DNA.

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