529 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Reproducible analysis of disease space via principal components using the novel R package syndRomics

    Abel Torres-Espín et al.
    A tutorial and open-source software to aid in reproducible disease pattern detection using principal component analysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of piriform associative connections in odor categorization

    Xiaojun Bao et al.
    Pharmacological fMRI reveals that associative connections contribute to odor categorization by supporting discrimination and generalization at different stages of the human olfactory system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Consolidation alters motor sequence-specific distributed representations

    Basile Pinsard et al.
    The consolidation of newly acquired motor skills induces a functional reorganization of sequential information representations within secondary motor cortex, basal ganglia and hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction error and repetition suppression have distinct effects on neural representations of visual information

    Matthew F Tang et al.
    Multivariate analyses of human electrophysiological recordings revealed that the brain represents unexpected visual stimuli with greater fidelity than expected stimuli which arose independently of simple habituation arising from repetition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal structure in associative retrieval

    Zeb Kurth-Nelson et al.
    Neural representations are fast-evolving trajectories, and distinct components of these trajectories reappear during retrieval with distinct consequences for learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal and cortical mechanisms at retrieval explain variability in episodic remembering in older adults

    Alexandra N Trelle et al.
    The strength of pattern completion during memory retrieval, indexed by hippocampal activity and cortical reinstatement, explains within- and across-individual variability in episodic memory in older adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Empathic pain evoked by sensory and emotional-communicative cues share common and process-specific neural representations

    Feng Zhou et al.
    Machine learning analyses reveal that the observation of acute pain inflictions and facial expressions of pain evoke shared pain-specific neural representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Large-scale network integration in the human brain tracks temporal fluctuations in memory encoding performance

    Ruedeerat Keerativittayayut et al.
    Graph analysis revealed that spontaneous fluctuations of episodic-memory encoding performance associate with time-varying brain connectivity networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Successful retrieval of competing spatial environments in humans involves hippocampal pattern separation mechanisms

    Colin T Kyle et al.
    Functional magnetic resonance imaging and multivariate pattern analysis reveal remapping-like behavior during successful retrieval of competing environments, while unsuccessful retrieval is accompanied by reinstatement of interfering representations.

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