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    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    Optogenetic inhibition demonstrates that the cortex is necessary and sufficient for the initiation and execution of a learned, skilled action.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Ecology

    Extinction risk and conservation of the world’s sharks and rays

    Nicholas K Dulvy et al.
    One-quarter of the Chondrichthyes have an elevated risk of extinction, mainly as a result of overfishing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IL-33 promotes innate lymphoid cell-dependent IFN-γ production required for innate immunity to Toxoplasma gondii

    Joseph T Clark et al.
    Upon Toxoplasma gondii infection, IL-33 plays a critical role in driving early anti-parasite responses by innate lymphoid cells rendered responsive to its effects by infection.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Expansion of the circadian transcriptome in Brassica rapa and genome-wide diversification of paralog expression patterns

    Kathleen Greenham et al.
    Whole genome duplication in Brassica rapa is accompanied by both expansion of the circadian transcriptome and widespread temporal reconfiguration of gene regulatory networks consistent with subfunctionalization among pairs of paralogs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A sulfur-aromatic gate latch is essential for opening of the Orai1 channel pore

    Priscilla S-W Yeung et al.
    Electrophysiological and molecular modeling studies identify a sulfur-aromatic interaction between the hydrophobic channel gate and a nearby methionine residue, termed the "gate latch", which is essential for Orai1 pore opening.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Plant Biology

    Building customizable auto-luminescent luciferase-based reporters in plants

    Arjun Khakhar et al.
    A fungal bioluminescence pathway can be reconstituted in planta to create luminescence in many plant species without external substrate addition, and be used to design customizable reporters of gene-expression.
    1. Plant Biology

    Landscape genomic prediction for restoration of a Eucalyptus foundation species under climate change

    Megan Ann Supple et al.
    Empirical patterns of genomic and phenotypic variation across the landscape are used to develop a predictive model that will help build resilient ecological communities.