281 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A cytoplasmic peptidoglycan amidase homologue controls mycobacterial cell wall synthesis

    Cara C Boutte et al.
    Cell wall biosynthesis in mycobacteria is regulated by an unusual post-translational regulatory system that contributes to antibiotic tolerance during stress.
    1. Medicine

    Directing visceral white adipocyte precursors to a thermogenic adipocyte fate improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Genetic inactivation of the transcription factor, Zfp423, in visceral white adipocyte precursors leads to the formation of thermogenic adipocytes in visceral fat depots and improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    PrkA controls peptidoglycan biosynthesis through the essential phosphorylation of ReoM

    Sabrina Wamp et al.
    Analysis of suppressor mutants led to the identification of a novel signalling pathway that regulates peptidoglycan biosynthesis in Gram-positive bacteria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain endothelial cell TRPA1 channels initiate neurovascular coupling

    Pratish Thakore et al.
    Activation of TRPA1 channels on cerebral capillary endothelial cells initiates a retrograde signal that propagates and dilates upstream arterioles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pericytes are progenitors for coronary artery smooth muscle

    Katharina S Volz et al.
    Progenitor cells for the muscle layer around the coronary arteries have been identified revealing a key step in how the embryo forms these important blood vessels.
    1. Cell Biology

    Identification of functionally distinct fibro-inflammatory and adipogenic stromal subpopulations in visceral adipose tissue of adult mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Fibro-inflammatory progenitors represent a subpopulation of perivascular cells in visceral adipose tissues of mice that promote inflammation and fibrosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical basis and physiological role of cerebrospinal fluid transport through the murine cribriform plate

    Jordan N Norwood et al.
    Chemical ablation of olfactory sensory neurons blocks cerebrospinal fluid outflow into the nasal epithelium, leading to alterations of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Trends in snakebite deaths in India from 2000 to 2019 in a nationally representative mortality study

    Wilson Suraweera et al.
    Prevention and antivenom treatment could reduce snakebite deaths, which killed 1.2 million Indians from 2000-2019, about 70% of which occurred in eight states, and half during four rainy months.

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