192 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    The LRR-TM protein PAN-1 interacts with MYRF to promote its nuclear translocation in synaptic remodeling

    Shi-Li Xia et al.
    Identified as a binding factor of transcription factor MYRF, the LRR-TM protein PAN-1 promotes the cell-membrane localization and nuclear translocation of MYRF, which drives synaptic rewiring in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Yin and Yang isoforms of a chromatin remodeling subunit precedes the creation of two genes

    Wen Xu et al.
    Gene sharing through different isoforms can precede the formation of independent genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transcriptional activator TAp63 is upregulated in muscular atrophy during ALS and induces the pro-atrophic ubiquitin ligase Trim63

    Yannick von Grabowiecki et al.
    Atrophic muscles of patients and animal models developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis show an upregulation of TAp63 that stimulates the expression of a pro-atrophic ubiquitin ligase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mitochondrial fusion but not fission regulates larval growth and synaptic development through steroid hormone production

    Hector Sandoval et al.
    The dual role of Drosophila Mitofusin in steroid hormone production and cholesterol ester storage, which is evolutionary conserved by the combined expression of the two mammalian Mitofusins, ensures proper synaptic development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Requirement of Smurf-mediated endocytosis of Patched1 in sonic hedgehog signal reception

    Shen Yue et al.
    Smurf1 and Smurf2 have essential functions in the mammalian Shh signaling pathway, binding to and ubiquitylating Patched1, leading to its endocytosis and subsequent degradation in lysosomes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factor Hey and nuclear lamins specify and maintain cell identity

    Naama Flint Brodsly et al.
    Hey together with LaminC continuously supervise nuclear organisation and differentiated enterocyte identity, a regulation that is lost upon ageing, resulting in loss of gut homeostasis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MukB ATPases are regulated independently by the N- and C-terminal domains of MukF kleisin

    Katarzyna Zawadzka et al.
    In Escherichia coli structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) complex, MukBEF, a dimeric MukF kleisin binds and activates MukB SMC ATPases through two independent interfaces provided by distinct MukF N- and C-terminal domains.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fizzy-Related dictates A cell cycle switch during organ repair and tissue growth responses in the Drosophila hindgut

    Erez Cohen et al.
    Ploidy-increasing endocycles may represent a tradeoff between loss of regenerative capacity and preservation of tissue architecture.

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