101 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory muscarinic acetylcholine receptors enhance aversive olfactory learning in adult Drosophila

    Noa Bielopolski et al.
    Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor type A in adult Drosophila inhibits Kenyon cells, and is required for aversive olfactory learning and learning-associated synaptic depression between Kenyon cells and their output neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased microRNA levels lead to deleterious increases in neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors in Spinal Muscular Atrophy models

    Patrick J O'Hern et al.
    In invertebrate and vertebrate models of Spinal Muscular Atrophy, diminished SMN protein causes Gemin3-dependent decreases in microRNA function, leading to upregulated M2 muscarinic receptor and deleterious consequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila larval to pupal switch under nutrient stress requires IP3R/Ca2+ signalling in glutamatergic interneurons

    Siddharth Jayakumar et al.
    The transformation of fruit fly larvae into pupae provides insights into the processes that enable animals to survive periods of food shortage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cholinergic modulation of hippocampal calcium activity across the sleep-wake cycle

    Heng Zhou et al.
    Dynamic calcium activity in the hippocampus changes markedly across behavioral and physiological states and depends on muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric modulation in monomers and oligomers of a G protein-coupled receptor

    Rabindra V Shivnaraine et al.
    Allosteric modulation in the M2 muscarinic receptor derives from a mix of interactions within and between the protomers of an oligomer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ion Channels: Solving a specificity mystery

    Sanduo Zheng, Andrew C Kruse
    Differences in the kinetics of G protein activation can explain why only some receptors can activate potassium ion channels called GIRKs.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    SOX2 regulates acinar cell development in the salivary gland

    Elaine Emmerson et al.
    Establishment of the acinar lineage in the salivary gland requires SOX2 and parasympathetic nerves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early structural and functional plasticity alterations in a susceptibility period of DYT1 dystonia mouse striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    Structural and functional striatal synaptic plasticity abnormalities occur early in a sensitive developmental period, representing a potential unique endophenotypic traits that increase the risk of manifesting clinical symptoms in DYT1 mutation carriers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phospholipase D activity couples plasma membrane endocytosis with retromer dependent recycling

    Rajan Thakur et al.
    Phosphatidic acid regulates recycling of endocytosed plasma membrane vesicles in polarized cells through a retromer and Arf1 dependent process.

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