166 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shore crabs reveal novel evolutionary attributes of the mushroom body

    Nicholas Strausfeld, Marcel E Sayre
    Dramatic phenotypic divergence of crustacean mushroom bodies map to phylogenetic lineages, thereby offering unexplored opportunities for relating divergent cognitive centers to different ecologies and behavioral repertoires required to negotiate them.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal evolution of single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons

    Qijing Xie et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons correspond to previously defined cell types, exhibit unique characteristics at different developmental stages, and reveal cell-type-specific gene expression programs in development and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Magnesium efflux from Drosophila Kenyon cells is critical for normal and diet-enhanced long-term memory

    Yanying Wu et al.
    Regulated neuronal magnesium efflux is a critical element of normal and magnesium-enhanced memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release probability increases towards distal dendrites boosting high-frequency signal transfer in the rodent hippocampus

    Thomas P Jensen et al.
    Excitatory synapses that occur further away from the postsynaptic cell soma exhibit greater neurotransmitter release probability, which appears to improve signal transfer fidelity for high-frequency afferent firing.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent evolution of high virulence in isolated populations of a DNA virus

    Tom Hill, Robert L Unckless
    The same host–virus interactions can evolve multiple times in nature, due to the high effective mutation rate of viruses, and provide interesting systems of study.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of flight and feeding behaviours requires presynaptic IP3Rs in dopaminergic neurons

    Anamika Sharma, Gaiti Hasan
    Motivation for flight and feeding behaviour requires dopamine release which depends on cholinergic stimulation and intracellular Ca2+ release from ER stores in one or two pairs of central dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plant-Microbe Interactions: Finding phenazine

    Sarah J Wolfson, Libusha Kelly
    Analysis of genetic information from soil samples provides insights into bacteria that help to protect crops from fungal diseases by producing chemicals called phenazines.
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