146 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    An insect-like mushroom body in a crustacean brain

    Gabriella Hannah Wolff et al.
    An insect-like mushroom body in one group of crustaceans, the mantis shrimps (Stomatopoda), suggests either an ancient origin of this center and its reduction and loss in other crustaceans, or an extraordinary example of convergent evolution with the insect mushroom body.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic developmental plasticity allows robust sparse wiring of the Drosophila mushroom body

    Najia A Elkahlah et al.
    Sensory innervation density in the insect associative learning center is set by postsynaptic cells and accomplished by flexible allocation of processes by presynaptic cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal synapses between mushroom body and dopamine neurons form a positive feedback loop required for learning

    Isaac Cervantes-Sandoval et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of axonal-axonal reciprocal connections between dopamine neurons and Kenyon cells provides insight into the brain computations for normal associative olfactory learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neurons encode CrebB dependent appetitive long-term memory in the mushroom body circuit

    Yves F Widmer et al.
    The transcription factor CrebB mediates long-term memory formation in different neurons within the mushroom body learning circuit, including mushroom body intrinsic and output neurons but not dopaminergic input neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body evolution demonstrates homology and divergence across Pancrustacea

    Nicholas James Strausfeld et al.
    Demonstrating extreme diversity across crustaceans while contrasting with evolutionary stability in insects, mushroom body homologues further underpin the unity of Pancrustacea and shed new light on arthropod brain evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogenetic dissection of the Drosophila lateral horn reveals major outputs, diverse behavioural functions, and interactions with the mushroom body

    Michael-John Dolan et al.
    The generation and systematic characterisation of driver lines labelling a large number of neurons in the Drosophila innate olfactory processing centre bridges electron microscopy neuronal reconstructions, circuits and behaviour.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Eyeless uncouples mushroom body neuroblast proliferation from dietary amino acids in Drosophila

    Conor W Sipe, Sarah E Siegrist
    Using Drosophila as a model organism shows that neural stem cell proliferation decisions in response to dietary nutrient conditions can be regulated by cell-autonomous lineage factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shared mushroom body circuits underlie visual and olfactory memories in Drosophila

    Katrin Vogt et al.
    One memory center in the fly brain processes distinct appetitive and aversive associative memories of olfactory and visual cues using shared local circuits.

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