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    1. Neuroscience

    Drep-2 is a novel synaptic protein important for learning and memory

    Till F M Andlauer et al.
    Drep-2 is the first representative of the evolutionary conserved CIDE-N protein family found at synapses and is required for associative learning by functionally intersecting with metabotropic signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mamo decodes hierarchical temporal gradients into terminal neuronal fate

    Ling-Yu Liu et al.
    Neuronal diversity is expanded by a temporal fating paradigm utilizing hierarchical gene regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectome of a learning and memory center in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis in the fly's (Drosophila) learning and memory center identifies unique circuit motifs that have not been anticipated by over 30 years of extensive anatomical, experimental and theoretical studies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Resolving the prevalence of somatic transposition in Drosophila

    Christoph D Treiber, Scott Waddell
    Current genome sequencing methods cannot reliably detect somatic transposition in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent activity in a recurrent circuit underlies courtship memory in Drosophila

    Xiaoliang Zhao et al.
    Persistent activity of dopaminergic neurons in a mushroom recurrent circuit lays the foundation for courtship memory in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory muscarinic acetylcholine receptors enhance aversive olfactory learning in adult Drosophila

    Noa Bielopolski et al.
    Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor type A in adult Drosophila inhibits Kenyon cells, and is required for aversive olfactory learning and learning-associated synaptic depression between Kenyon cells and their output neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gap junction networks in mushroom bodies participate in visual learning and memory in Drosophila

    Qingqing Liu et al.
    Gap junctions exist in Kenyon cells and Kenyon cell-mushroom body output neuron neural networks, and are also critical in visual learning and memory in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward signal in a recurrent circuit drives appetitive long-term memory formation

    Toshiharu Ichinose et al.
    A recurrent reward circuit in Drosophila, comprised of specific dopamine neurons and a single class of mushroom body output neurons, transforms a nascent memory trace into a stable long-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    A single pair of neurons links sleep to memory consolidation in Drosophila melanogaster

    Paula R Haynes et al.
    Dorsal paired medial neurons, which are required for memory consolidation, promote sleep by inhibiting the excitation of mushroom body neurons.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.