6,186 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Population Genetics: Global clues to the nature of genomic mutations in humans

    Aylwyn Scally
    An analysis of worldwide human genetic variation reveals the footprints of ancient changes in genomic mutation processes.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The distribution of fitness effects among synonymous mutations in a gene under directional selection

    Eleonore Lebeuf-Taylor et al.
    Synonymous mutations can have highly variable fitness effects stemming from changes in transcription, some of which contribute to adaptation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel twelve class fluctuation test reveals higher than expected mutation rates for influenza A viruses

    Matthew D Pauly et al.
    A new assay for specific mutational classes provides preciseestimates of the mutation rates and mutational bias for influenza A viruses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Cancer Biology

    Origins and functional consequences of somatic mitochondrial DNA mutations in human cancer

    Young Seok Ju et al.
    Identifying 1,907 mitochondrial somatic mutations from 1,675 tumor tissues provides new insights into the causes and effects of the mitochondrial genome mutations found in human cancers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Spontaneous mutations and the origin and maintenance of quantitative genetic variation

    Wen Huang et al.
    Whole genome DNA sequence analysis, genome wide gene expression and complex organismal phenotypes in Drosophila mutation accumulation lines provide a robust estimate of the spontaneous mutation rate and mutational effects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Codon-level information improves predictions of inter-residue contacts in proteins by correlated mutation analysis

    Etai Jacob et al.
    Correlated mutation analysis using a combination of amino acid and codon sequence alignments improves predictions of amino acid residue contacts in proteins.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Quiescence unveils a novel mutational force in fission yeast

    Serge Gangloff et al.
    The quiescence-driven mutational landscape reveals replication-independent mutagenesis as a novel evolutionary force.

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