4,657 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A broad mutational target explains a fast rate of phenotypic evolution

    Fabrice Besnard et al.
    A broad mutational target is the cause of the high mutational variance and corresponding fast phenotypic evolutionary rate in P3.p cell fate in Caenorhabditis nematodes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NKX2-5 mutations causative for congenital heart disease retain functionality and are directed to hundreds of targets

    Romaric Bouveret et al.
    Some NKX2-5 mutations that cause congenital heart disease retain transcriptional activity and can bind to many off-target genes, in part through their interactions with cofactors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Large, three-generation human families reveal post-zygotic mosaicism and variability in germline mutation accumulation

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    Rates of germline mutation accumulation are highly variable across families of similar genetic ancestry, and post-zygotic mosaicism is a substantial source of de novo mutations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutations: A larger target leads to faster evolution

    Bing Yang, Scott A Rifkin
    The speed at which a cell fate decision in nematode worms evolves is due to the number of genes that control the decision, rather than to a high mutation rate.
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    1. Cancer Biology

    Inhibition of mutant EGFR in lung cancer cells triggers SOX2-FOXO6-dependent survival pathways

    S Michael Rothenberg et al.
    SOX2 causes resistance to anti-EGFR therapies in EGFR-mutant lung cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Hyperactivation of ERK by multiple mechanisms is toxic to RTK-RAS mutation-driven lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Cancer cells driven by mutations in KRAS or EGFR are dependent on DUSP6 to prevent ERK-induced cell death, creating a novel vulnerability for targeted therapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host-selected mutations converging on a global regulator drive an adaptive leap towards symbiosis in bacteria

    M Sabrina Pankey et al.
    Selective forces imposed by the squid animal host drive rapid adaptation of non-native Vibrio fischeri bacteria through convergent mutations of large effect, unmasking preexisting coordinated regulation of symbiosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Otoferlin acts as a Ca2+ sensor for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment at auditory hair cell ribbon synapses

    Nicolas Michalski et al.
    Targeted mutations in a Ca2+-binding site of otoferlin, a transmembrane protein of synaptic vesicles defective in a recessive form of deafness, reveal its Ca2+ sensor role both for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment.

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