3,394 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A broad mutational target explains a fast rate of phenotypic evolution

    Fabrice Besnard et al.
    A broad mutational target is the cause of the high mutational variance and corresponding fast phenotypic evolutionary rate in P3.p cell fate in Caenorhabditis nematodes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutations: A larger target leads to faster evolution

    Bing Yang, Scott A Rifkin
    The speed at which a cell fate decision in nematode worms evolves is due to the number of genes that control the decision, rather than to a high mutation rate.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The distribution of fitness effects among synonymous mutations in a gene under directional selection

    Eleonore Lebeuf-Taylor et al.
    Synonymous mutations can have highly variable fitness effects stemming from changes in transcription, some of which contribute to adaptation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Two locus inheritance of non-syndromic midline craniosynostosis via rare SMAD6 and common BMP2 alleles

    Andrew T Timberlake et al.
    Epistatic interactions of rare loss of function mutations in SMAD6 and a common variant modifier near BMP2 are the most common cause of midline craniosynostosis in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Large, three-generation human families reveal post-zygotic mosaicism and variability in germline mutation accumulation

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    Rates of germline mutation accumulation are highly variable across families of similar genetic ancestry, and post-zygotic mosaicism is a substantial source of de novo mutations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neutral Evolution: The randomness that shapes our DNA

    Kelley Harris
    Just 5% of the human genome is subject to neutral evolution but this process remains central to understanding the history of human migration across the Earth.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide Association Study: Not so benign

    Barbara Rivera
    Susceptibility to uterine fibroids, benign tumors that affect the health of many women, is linked to genes that are responsible for preserving genome integrity and promoting genitourinary development.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Phenotypic Diversity: Setting the bar

    Charles Y Feigin, Ricardo Mallarino
    Analyzing the genomes of rock pigeons demonstrates that genetic variation comes in many forms and can have unexpected origins.
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Piezo Ion Channels: Portraits of a pressure sensor

    Alexander T Chesler, Marcin Szczot
    Near atomic-resolution structures have provided insights into the mechanisms by which the Piezo1 ion channel senses and responds to mechanical stimuli.
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