493 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    CNS myelination and remyelination depend on fatty acid synthesis by oligodendrocytes

    Penelope Dimas et al.
    Endogenous synthesis of fatty acids by oligodendrocytes is essential for development and repair in the central nervous system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fibroblastic reticular cell-derived lysophosphatidic acid regulates confined intranodal T-cell motility

    Akira Takeda et al.
    A lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) derived from fibroblastic reticular cells regulates T-cell movement through the densely packed reticular network in lymph nodes in a manner dependent on the LPA receptor LPA2-ROCK-myosin II.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of lipid domain organization by a biomimetic contractile actomyosin cortex

    Sven Kenjiro Vogel et al.
    Building on previous work (Vogel et al., 2013b), it is shown that myosin-driven actin filament rearrangements actively move, split or fuse individual lipid domains and change their overall shape.
    1. Neuroscience

    PI(3,5)P2 biosynthesis regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation by intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms

    Yevgeniya A Mironova et al.
    The signaling lipid PI(3,5)P2 supports the formation of the myelin sheath, by regulating trafficking of myelin building blocks within oligodendrocytes and communication between oligodendrocytes and neuronal axons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Centralized scientific communities are less likely to generate replicable results

    Valentin Danchev et al.
    Analysis of data on drug-gene interactions suggests that decentralized collaboration will increase the robustness of scientific findings in biomedical research.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogliaform cortical interneurons derive from cells in the preoptic area

    Mathieu Niquille et al.
    In vivo genetic lineage-tracing reveals the developmental trajectory of neurogliaform cells, the main effectors of a powerful inhibitory motif in the neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Myosin V functions as a vesicle tether at the plasma membrane to control neurotransmitter release in central synapses

    Dario Maschi et al.
    Synaptic vesicles undergo reversible tethering at the plasma membrane which is activity- and myosin V- dependent.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.

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