1,474 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures reveal specialization at the myosin VI-actin interface and a mechanism of force sensitivity

    Pinar S Gurel et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of actomyosin VI in multiple nucleotide states reveal a unique actin-myosin interface and a mechanism of force-sensitivity; furthermore, myosin VI remodels F-actin, suggesting a role for actin structural plasticity during force generation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Full-length Plasmodium falciparum myosin A and essential light chain PfELC structures provide new anti-malarial targets

    Dihia Moussaoui et al.
    The structure of full-length myosin A provides some hints about its atypical mechanism, and reveals that the light chain PfELC is a target to block malaria pathogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure analyses reveal a regulated oligomerization mechanism of the PlexinD1/GIPC/myosin VI complex

    Guijun Shang et al.
    PlexinD1 binding releases GIPC autoinhibition, leading to formation of high-order oligomers of the GIPC/myosin VI complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational distributions of isolated myosin motor domains encode their mechanochemical properties

    Justin R Porter et al.
    Shifts in the balance between nucleotide-favorable and nucleotide-unfavorable conformations of myosin motors encode duty ratios and ADP release rates, demonstrating the power of an ensemble perspective for uncovering sequence-function relationships.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of kinesin on microtubules provide a basis for nucleotide-gated force-generation

    Zhiguo Shang et al.
    Microtubule attachment fundamentally modifies kinesin's behavior by triggering a ‘clamshell’ opening of the nucleotide cleft, subsequently reversed by ATP binding, that couples to cargo translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural dynamics of myosin 5 during processive motion revealed by interferometric scattering microscopy

    Joanna Andrecka et al.
    Single molecule imaging reveals how the molecular motor myosin 5 walks in a compass-like spinning motion along its actin track resulting in efficient, robust and unidirectional motion on the nanoscale.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Small molecule-mediated refolding and activation of myosin motor function

    Michael B Radke et al.
    The small molecule EMD 57033 is one of a new class of pharmacological chaperones that stabilize, enhance the activity of, and correct stress-induced misfolding of myosin proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Myosin III-mediated cross-linking and stimulation of actin bundling activity of Espin

    Haiyang Liu et al.
    The tail domain of Myosin III binds to and cross-links actin bundling protein Espin1 and thus modulates higher order actin bundle structures in cellular processes such as stereocilia and microvilli.
    1. Cell Biology

    Generation of contractile actomyosin bundles depends on mechanosensitive actin filament assembly and disassembly

    Sari Tojkander et al.
    Mechanosensitive inhibition of actin polymerization through VASP phosphorylation is required for stress fiber maturation and alignment.

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