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    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome profile of peripheral myelin in healthy mice and in a neuropathy model

    Sophie B Siems et al.
    A comprehensive compendium of myelin proteins in the peripheral nervous system has been created, alongside a method to address molecular diversity of myelin sheaths in health and disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin with hypertrophic cardiac mutation R712L has a decreased working stroke which is rescued by omecamtiv mecarbil

    Aaron Snoberger et al.
    Mechanochemical defects of a β-cardiac myosin mutation that results in severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are reported and the heart failure drug omecamtiv mecarbil rescues these defects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-species cortical alignment identifies different types of anatomical reorganization in the primate temporal lobe

    Nicole Eichert et al.
    Cross-species alignment based on cortical myelin content can dissociate cortical expansion and relocation from changes in connectivity profiles in the temporal lobe of higher primates.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ordered dephosphorylation initiated by the selective proteolysis of cyclin B drives mitotic exit

    James Holder et al.
    Selective APC/C-mediated proteolysis of cyclin B drives progression through the metaphase-anaphase transition whilst wide-spread waves of dephosphorylation co-ordinate the subsequent events of mitotic exit.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural dynamics of myosin 5 during processive motion revealed by interferometric scattering microscopy

    Joanna Andrecka et al.
    Single molecule imaging reveals how the molecular motor myosin 5 walks in a compass-like spinning motion along its actin track resulting in efficient, robust and unidirectional motion on the nanoscale.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Epithelial-Myeloid cell crosstalk regulates acinar cell plasticity and pancreatic remodeling in mice

    Yaqing Zhang et al.
    In the pancreas, reciprocal interactions between epithelial cells and myeloid cells determine the balance between tissue repair and carcinogenesis by regulating acinar cell plasticity through differential activation of EGFR/MAPK signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Competition between kinesin-1 and myosin-V defines Drosophila posterior determination

    Wen Lu et al.
    Posterior determination of Drosophila oocyte is defined by competition between kinesin-1 removing posterior determinants from the cortex and myosin-V anchoring them.
    1. Neuroscience

    A large fraction of neocortical myelin ensheathes axons of local inhibitory neurons

    Kristina D Micheva et al.
    Parvalbumin-positive inhibitory neurons in the cortex have insulating myelin sheathes, despite forming only short-range connections.
    1. Cell Biology

    Prolonged cross-bridge binding triggers muscle dysfunction in a Drosophila model of myosin-based hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    William A Kronert et al.
    Integrative analysis of a Drosophila model of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy demonstrates that prolonged binding of the myosin cross-bridge to actin is a root cause of the disorder.