570 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Improving a probabilistic cytoarchitectonic atlas of auditory cortex using a novel method for inter-individual alignment

    Omer Faruk Gulban et al.
    Inter-individual human brain alignment that uses macro-anatomical priors in addition to cortical curvature improves micro-anatomical correspondence between auditory areas.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    BAD inactivation exacerbates rheumatoid arthritis pathology by promoting survival of sublining macrophages

    Jie Li et al.
    Phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family protein BAD confers the apoptosis resistance on synovial sublining macrophages, thereby contributing to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Bacterial OTU deubiquitinases regulate substrate ubiquitination upon Legionella infection

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    A novel class of bacterial OTU deubiquitinases provides insights on the distinct roles of bacterial deubiquitinases in host–pathogen interactions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide CRISPR screen identifies noncanonical NF-κB signaling as a regulator of density-dependent proliferation

    Maria Fomicheva, Ian G Macara
    TRAF3, a negative regulator of noncanonical NF-κB signaling, maintains epithelial cell quiescence at confluence, and its loss triggers upregulation of immunity genes and prevents entry into G0 at high cell density.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic timestamping of plasma cells in vivo reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover

    An Qi Xu et al.
    A new system to genetically label and manipulate plasma cells in vivo in their microenvironment resolves current technical limitations and reveals tissue-specific homeostatic population turnover.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth

    Helene Rundqvist et al.
    Exercise can induce metabolic changes that strikingly impact cytotoxic T cell function and in turn affect cancer progression.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    shinyDepMap, a tool to identify targetable cancer genes and their functional connections from Cancer Dependency Map data

    Kenichi Shimada et al.
    shinyDepMap helps users explore the essentiality, selectivity, and function of the genes across hundreds of cancer cell lines and identify cancer drug targets.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antagonism of PP2A is an independent and conserved function of HIV-1 Vif and causes cell cycle arrest

    Sara Marelli et al.
    Systematic screen of HIV-1 Vif mutants identifies synthetic and naturally occurring amino acid polymorphisms separating PPP2R5 and APOBEC3 family protein depletion and uncovers the mechanism of Vif-dependent cell cycle arrest.

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