109 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists to prevent hyperinflammation and death from lower respiratory tract infection

    Allison Koenecke et al.
    Patients exposed to ⍺1-AR antagonists have reduced risks of mechanical ventilation and death in lower respiratory tract infection-related illnesses, highlighting the need for prospective trials assessing ⍺1-AR antagonists' effectiveness in COVID-19.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Alcohol consumption in the general population is associated with structural changes in multiple organ systems

    Evangelos Evangelou et al.
    The results imply that there is not a safe threshold below which there are no toxic effects of alcohol.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Integrative transcriptomic analysis of tissue-specific metabolic crosstalk after myocardial infarction

    Muhammad Arif et al.
    Elucidating widespread and tissue-specific biological process alterations after myocardial infaction in metabolically active tissues using systems biology approaches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    A Mendelian randomization study of the role of lipoprotein subfractions in coronary artery disease

    Qingyuan Zhao et al.
    High-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfraction traits appear to have heterogeneous effects on coronary artery disease, giving support to the HDL function hypothesis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Medicine

    Coronary plaque composition influences biomechanical stress and predicts plaque rupture in a morpho-mechanic OCT analysis

    Andrea Milzi et al.
    Assessing plaque biomechanics by optical coherence tomography highlights the importance of the disrupting effects of plaque stress, bringing stress concentrations as the prime movers of plaque rupture back into clinical practice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Identification of human glucocorticoid response markers using integrated multi-omic analysis from a randomized crossover trial

    Dimitrios Chantzichristos et al.
    A human experimental model for physiological glucocorticoid exposure and glucocorticoid withdrawal identifies a multi-omic cluster, including microRNA miR-122-5p and metabolites, associated with glucocorticoid-responsive genes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early postmortem mapping of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with COVID-19 and the correlation with tissue damage

    Stefanie Deinhardt-Emmer et al.
    Early postmortem autopsy of COVID-19 patients shows high viral loads and damage of the lung, although extrapulmonary cells demonstrate no injury, they contribute to inflammation, hyper-coagulation, and multiple organ dysfunction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.

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