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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early postmortem mapping of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with COVID-19 and the correlation with tissue damage

    Stefanie Deinhardt-Emmer et al.
    Early postmortem autopsy of COVID-19 patients shows high viral loads and damage of the lung, although extrapulmonary cells demonstrate no injury, they contribute to inflammation, hyper-coagulation, and multiple organ dysfunction.
    1. Cell Biology

    β3-Adrenoceptor redistribution impairs NO/cGMP/PDE2 signalling in failing cardiomyocytes

    Sophie Schobesberger et al.
    β3-AR signalling via cGMP in cardiomyocytes is regulated via phosphodiesterase 2 and 5 degradation, it is potentially cardioprotective, but dysregulated in heart failure through signal redistribution and higher phosphodiesterase activity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct origins and molecular mechanisms contribute to lymphatic formation during cardiac growth and regeneration

    Dana Gancz et al.
    Cardiac lymphatic vessels of heterogeneous origins and molecular signatures support cardiac growth and regeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    Vascular remodeling is governed by a VEGFR3-dependent fluid shear stress set point

    Nicolas Baeyens et al.
    Flow-dependent remodeling of blood vessels is critical for normal physiology and for recovery from arterial blockage in disease; understanding its cellular mechanisms may lead to the development of treatments for patients that are deficient in this process following myocardial infarction or other vascular diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A promoter interaction map for cardiovascular disease genetics

    Lindsey E Montefiori et al.
    Promoter capture Hi-C in human iPSCs and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes provides a platform to interrogate gene-regulatory dynamics of cardiomyocyte differentiation and directly links thousands of cardiovascular disease risk loci to hundreds of distal target genes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Improved lipidomic profile mediates the effects of adherence to healthy lifestyles on coronary heart disease

    Jiahui Si et al.
    Lifestyle interventions and statins may target different components of the lipid profile, suggesting that they are not redundant strategies but could be combined for better benefits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Coronary arterial development is regulated by a Dll4-Jag1-EphrinB2 signaling cascade

    Stanislao Igor Travisano et al.
    Notch ligands Jag1 and Dll4 and their effector Ephb2 are required in sinus venosus endocardium for primitive coronary vasculature formation and later for arterial differentiation and maturation of coronary endothelium.
    1. Cell Biology

    Hypoxic mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and platelet activation and determines severity of I/R heart injury

    Weilin Zhang et al.
    Mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and mediates extensive mitochondrial degradation in (patho-)physiological settings and is one of the key components of hypoxic preconditioning which protects the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury.