159 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Retinoic acid signaling is directly activated in cardiomyocytes and protects mouse hearts from apoptosis after myocardial infarction

    Fabio Da Silva et al.
    Lineage tracing and genetic experiments resolve a long-standing controversy by showing that retinoic acid signaling is active in cardiomyocytes, both during development and after myocardial infarction, and protects damaged hearts from apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Protective mitochondrial fission induced by stress-responsive protein GJA1-20k

    Daisuke Shimura et al.
    Stress-induced alternative translation of an otherwise common gap junction protein generates an isoform that orchestrates protective mitochondrial fission and organ protection during anticipated ischemia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    β-hydroxybutyrate accumulates in the rat heart during low-flow ischaemia with implications for functional recovery

    Ross T Lindsay et al.
    β-Hydroxybutyrate accumulates in the perfused rat heart during ischaemia, driven by flux through both HMGCS and SCOT, with implications for functional recovery.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Deep learning detects cardiotoxicity in a high-content screen with induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes

    Francis Grafton et al.
    Deep learning combined with induced pluripotent stem cell technology is an effective method to interrogate cellular phenotypes and predict patterns of cardiotoxicity in vitro.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Twisting of the zebrafish heart tube during cardiac looping is a tbx5-dependent and tissue-intrinsic process

    Federico Tessadori et al.
    The three-dimensional and asymmetrical transformations undergone by the zebrafish linear heart tube during looping morphogenesis are under the control of cardiac-intrinsic cues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication

    Knut H Lauritzen et al.
    Transgenic mice and cell models provide evidence of a pathophysiological mechanism that connects mtDNA damage to cardiac dysfunction via reduced NAD+ levels and loss of mitochondrial function and communication.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic variant in 3’ untranslated region of the mouse pycard gene regulates inflammasome activity

    Brian Ritchey et al.
    A new mode of inflammasome regulation was discovered through a mouse strain intercross that identified the Pycard locus was associated with IL-1β release, and gene editing showed this was due to an SNP in the Pycard mRNA regulating its turnover.

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