13 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Gating of reafference in the external cuneate nucleus during self-generated movements in wake but not sleep

    Alexandre Tiriac, Mark S Blumberg
    A neural gating mechanism in the external cuneate nucleus of the rat brain is engaged during wake movements and disengaged during sleep-related twitches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Developmental 'awakening' of primary motor cortex to the sensory consequences of movement

    James C Dooley, Mark S Blumberg
    Early in development, before neurons in primary motor cortex are involved in motor control, they undergo a rapid transition in how they process sensory information following sleep and wake movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dystonia-like movement disorder with brain and spinal neuronal defects is caused by mutation of the mouse laminin β1 subunit, Lamb1

    Yi Bessie Liu et al.
    A mouse with a defined mutation in an extracellular matrix protein that is expressed in selected neurons sheds light on circuit abnormalities producing transient hyperkinetic movements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Screening identifies small molecules that enhance the maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes

    Sridhar Selvaraj et al.
    Treatment of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes with a cocktail of small molecules induces their maturation, as shown by gene expression, biochemical and functional assays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocytes control potassium accumulation in white matter and seizure susceptibility

    Valerie A Larson et al.
    Oligodendrocytes in white matter use Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channels to prevent extracellular potassium accumulation, enabling neurons to sustain repetitive firing and limiting the initiation of seizures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Re-expression of SynGAP protein in adulthood improves translatable measures of brain function and behavior

    Thomas K Creson et al.
    Severe neurodevelopmental disorder risk gene functions are retained into adulthood and they contribute to disease phenotypes, indicating that these patients may respond to treatments throughout life.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Transcriptional landscape of myogenesis from human pluripotent stem cells reveals a key role of TWIST1 in maintenance of skeletal muscle progenitors

    In Young Choi et al.
    Using multiple genetic reporter system in human pluripotent stem cells, a transcriptional database for human early myogenesis has been established.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corollary discharge in precerebellar nuclei of sleeping infant rats

    Didhiti Mukherjee et al.
    Infant rats distinguish between self- and other-generated movements, and they do so primarily when moving during active sleep.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Developmental Biology

    Neuroendocrine modulation sustains the C. elegans forward motor state

    Maria A Lim et al.
    RID is a descending peptidergic neuron that sustains the forward motor state.

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