13 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dystonia-like movement disorder with brain and spinal neuronal defects is caused by mutation of the mouse laminin β1 subunit, Lamb1

    Yi Bessie Liu et al.
    A mouse with a defined mutation in an extracellular matrix protein that is expressed in selected neurons sheds light on circuit abnormalities producing transient hyperkinetic movements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Screening identifies small molecules that enhance the maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes

    Sridhar Selvaraj et al.
    Treatment of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes with a cocktail of small molecules induces their maturation, as shown by gene expression, biochemical and functional assays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocytes control potassium accumulation in white matter and seizure susceptibility

    Valerie A Larson et al.
    Oligodendrocytes in white matter use Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channels to prevent extracellular potassium accumulation, enabling neurons to sustain repetitive firing and limiting the initiation of seizures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Re-expression of SynGAP protein in adulthood improves translatable measures of brain function and behavior

    Thomas K Creson et al.
    Severe neurodevelopmental disorder risk gene functions are retained into adulthood and they contribute to disease phenotypes, indicating that these patients may respond to treatments throughout life.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Transcriptional landscape of myogenesis from human pluripotent stem cells reveals a key role of TWIST1 in maintenance of skeletal muscle progenitors

    In Young Choi et al.
    Using multiple genetic reporter system in human pluripotent stem cells, a transcriptional database for human early myogenesis has been established.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corollary discharge in precerebellar nuclei of sleeping infant rats

    Didhiti Mukherjee et al.
    Infant rats distinguish between self- and other-generated movements, and they do so primarily when moving during active sleep.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    KIF2A regulates the development of dentate granule cells and postnatal hippocampal wiring

    Noriko Homma et al.
    Postnatal KIF2A is a key regulator for axon/dendrite determination of developing dentate granule cells, and its loss developed apical axons in dentate molecular layer, broke hippocampal wiring, and induced temporal lobe epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Developmental Biology

    Neuroendocrine modulation sustains the C. elegans forward motor state

    Maria A Lim et al.
    RID is a descending peptidergic neuron that sustains the forward motor state.

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