273 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Principles of self-organization and load adaptation by the actin cytoskeleton during clathrin-mediated endocytosis

    Matthew Akamatsu et al.
    An experimentally constrained multiscale mathematical model predicts that branched actin networks self-organize at endocytic sites and bend to produce force, which was verified with cryo-electron tomography of intact cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and activation mechanism of the BBSome membrane protein trafficking complex

    Sandeep K Singh et al.
    Two cryo-EM structures of the mammalian BBSome show how the BBSome is recruited to membranes and activated by the GTPase ARL6 prior to binding transmembrane proteins.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Cell Biology

    Unstructured regions in IRE1α specify BiP-mediated destabilisation of the luminal domain dimer and repression of the UPR

    Niko Amin-Wetzel et al.
    Client protein-driven reversal of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone (BiP) mediated-repression is revealed as a principal component of the regulation of the unfolded protein response transducer IRE1 in cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bridging the gap between single-cell migration and collective dynamics

    Florian Thüroff et al.
    A computational model, based on single-cell features like contractility and polarizability, quantitatively describes cellular dynamics from the single cell level up to small cohorts and confluent tissues.
    1. Cancer Biology

    STRIPAK directs PP2A activity toward MAP4K4 to promote oncogenic transformation of human cells

    Jong Wook Kim et al.
    ST recruitment of STRIPAK facilitates PP2A-mediated dephosphorylation of MAP4K4 and induces cell transformation highlighting that STRIPAK complex plays a key role in defining PP2A specificity and activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lola regulates Drosophila adult midgut homeostasis via non-canonical hippo signaling

    Xue Hao et al.
    The transcription factor Lola is defined as a non-canonical Hippo signaling component essential for Drosophila midgut homeostasis via its interaction with Warts and suppression on Dref and SkpA expression levels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of force-from-lipids gating in the mechanosensitive channel MscS

    Bharat Reddy et al.
    The structure of the mechanosensitive channel MscS embedded in a lipid bilayer redefines the nature, location and importance of lipid–protein interactions in the gating of mechanosensitive channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of the chromatin remodeler RSC and insights into its nucleosome engagement

    Avinash B Patel et al.
    The structure of the yeast RSC complex, a member of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling family, determined by cryo-electron microscopy, reveals a conserved structural core and the mode of nucleosome engagement.

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