701 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Unfair competition governs the interaction of pCPI-17 with myosin phosphatase (PP1-MYPT1)

    Joshua J Filter et al.
    Unfair competition, in which a phosphatase and a phosphoprotein inhibitor/substrate mutually sequester each other from competing substrates and enzymes, is a conserved mechanism for the control of PPP family phosphatases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule mechanics resolves the earliest events in force generation by cardiac myosin

    Michael S Woody et al.
    Cardiac myosin converts energy from ATP into mechanical work by transitioning from a short-lived force-bearing state, to a post working stroke state before the release of inorganic phosphate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Protein phosphatase 1 activity controls a balance between collective and single cell modes of migration

    Yujun Chen et al.
    Protein phosphatase 1 activity promotes cohesive collective cell migration by restricting actomyosin contractility to the periphery of the collective and maintaining proper cadherin–catenin complex protein levels at cell–cell junctions.
    1. Cell Biology

    TORC2-Gad8-dependent myosin phosphorylation modulates regulation by calcium

    Karen Baker et al.
    IQ domain phosphorylation regulates calmodulin binding and myosin-1 function.
    1. Cell Biology

    Crumbs organizes the transport machinery by regulating apical levels of PI(4,5)P2 in Drosophila

    Johanna Lattner et al.
    The polarity protein crumbs controls apical secretion and the architecture of the apical domain by modulating PI(4,5)P2 levels and the organization of apical Rab6-, Rab11-, and Rab30-dependent trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cyclin A/Cdk1 modulates Plk1 activity in prometaphase to regulate kinetochore-microtubule attachment stability

    Ana Maria G Dumitru et al.
    Quantitative phosphoproteomics defines the substrates for Cyclin A/Cdk1 kinase during early mitosis and follow up studies validate that one identified substrate, MYPT1, influences the stability of k-MT attachments by regulating Plk1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The membrane periodic skeleton is an actomyosin network that regulates axonal diameter and conduction

    Ana Rita Costa et al.
    The axonal cytoskeletal contains an actomyosin-II network that controls circumferential axonal contraction and expansion with the potential of regulating fluctuations in diameter during action potential firing, trafficking, and degeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myogenic vasoconstriction requires G12/G13 and LARG to maintain local and systemic vascular resistance

    Ramesh Chennupati et al.
    Genetic mouse models identify a critical mechanism of myogenic vasoconstriction and reveal the in vivo function of myogenic autoregulation in protecting from organ overperfusion and in maintaining vascular resistance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jak-Stat pathway induces Drosophila follicle elongation by a gradient of apical contractility

    Hervé Alégot et al.
    A morphogen gradient can trigger tissue elongation via a control of apical cell pulsing and without a planar cell polarity requirement.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PKCθ links proximal T cell and Notch signaling through localized regulation of the actin cytoskeleton

    Graham J Britton et al.
    T cell receptor and Notch signaling pathways are linked via a novel mechanism involving modulation of the cytoskeleton.

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