27 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiplex CRISPR/Cas screen in regenerating haploid limbs of chimeric Axolotls

    Lucas D Sanor et al.
    A novel CRISPR-based genetic screen of candidate regeneration genes in haploid axolotl limbs reveals two genes required for proper regeneration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How HIV-1 Nef hijacks the AP-2 clathrin adaptor to downregulate CD4

    Xuefeng Ren et al.
    The structure of the Nef:AP-2 complex has been determined and used as the basis of a model that explains how HIV-1 Nef downregulates the CD4 receptor from the surface of the infected cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD8+ T cell self-tolerance permits responsiveness but limits tissue damage

    Emily N Truckenbrod et al.
    Identification and characterization of the responses of T lymphocytes that are specific for 'self' tissue antigens, revealing the functional limits of immune tolerance.
    1. Ecology

    Tritrophic metabolism of plant chemical defenses and its effects on herbivore and predator performance

    Ruo Sun et al.
    Genetic manipulation demonstrates the costs and benefits of detoxifying glucosinolate plant defenses in a pest insect and its predator.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A chemical screen in zebrafish embryonic cells establishes that Akt activation is required for neural crest development

    Christie Ciarlo et al.
    Akt activation is required for neural crest differentiation through regulation of Sox10 activity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Landscape mapping of shared antigenic epitopes and their cognate TCRs of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in melanoma

    Kenji Murata et al.
    A library of the paired peptide/HLA multimers and artificial APCs allows for construction of a large database of class I-restricted peptides and cognate tumor-reactive TCR genes at an unprecedented scale.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inhibition of ErbB kinase signalling promotes resolution of neutrophilic inflammation

    Atiqur Rahman et al.
    Targeting ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases modifies neutrophil survival and inflammation across multiple species, and reveals a new use for ErbB therapeutics in resolving inflammatory disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinatorial chromatin dynamics foster accurate cardiopharyngeal fate choices

    Claudia Racioppi et al.
    ATAC-seq, CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis, reporter and gene expression assays revealed dynamic chromatin accessibility profiles governing differential gene expression during heart vs. pharyngeal muscle fate choices in the powerful chordate model Ciona.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.

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