5,264 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Understanding the evolution of multiple drug resistance in structured populations

    David V McLeod, Sylvain Gandon
    The evolution of multidrug resistance can be most easily understood by focusing upon the dynamical equations of linkage disequilibrium.
    1. Cell Biology

    circPTPN12/miR-21–5 p/∆Np63α pathway contributes to human endometrial fibrosis

    Minmin Song et al.
    Upregulation of circPTPN12 in endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) of fibrotic endometrium sponged miR-21–5 p and resulted in upregulation of its target gene, ΔNp63α, which induced transition of EECs to mesenchymal cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Early maternal loss leads to short- but not long-term effects on diurnal cortisol slopes in wild chimpanzees

    Cédric Girard-Buttoz et al.
    Wild chimpanzees contrast to humans since adult male chimpanzees do not exhibit physiological indicators of biological embedding of the stress associated to maternal loss early in life.
    1. Medicine

    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone is a new member of the erythropoiesis-iron-bone circuitry

    Melanie Castro-Mollo et al.
    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone functions by sequestering BMPs and is an important modulator of bone remodeling, providing new mechanistic insight into how premature osteoporosis persists in optimally transfused β-thalassemic patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Convalescent plasma use in the USA was inversely correlated with COVID-19 mortality

    Arturo Casadevall et al.
    A population-level analysis of convalescent plasma use and COVID-19 mortality in the USA revealed an inverse correlation and an estimate that recent declines in plasma use could have resulted in about 30,000 excess deaths.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Myoglobin primary structure reveals multiple convergent transitions to semi-aquatic life in the world's smallest mammalian divers

    Kai He et al.
    Ancestral sequence reconstruction of an essential muscle protein involved in O2 storage and transport accurately tracks secondary aquatic transitions in a speciose clade of insectivorous mammals.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic architecture of 11 organ traits derived from abdominal MRI using deep learning

    Yi Liu et al.
    Systematic quantification of abdominal organ health parameters using deep learning generates new insights into the genetic architecture of cardiometabolic health traits.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.

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