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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    AAV ablates neurogenesis in the adult murine hippocampus

    Stephen Johnston et al.
    Future work using recombinant AAV as an experimental tool in the dentate gyrus or as a gene therapy for diseases of the central nervous system should be carefully evaluated.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Price equation captures the role of drug interactions and collateral effects in the evolution of multidrug resistance

    Erida Gjini, Kevin B Wood
    A simple mathematical model reveals that antibiotic interactions and collateral effects of evolution are inseparable drivers of multidrug resistance linked by the well-known Price equation from evolutionary theory.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SOX21 modulates SOX2-initiated differentiation of epithelial cells in the extrapulmonary airways

    Evelien Eenjes et al.
    The balance between SOX2 and SOX21 is evolutionary conserved and is important for cell fate decision during lung epithelium development and repair after damage.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Novel LOTUS-domain proteins are organizational hubs that recruit C. elegans Vasa to germ granules

    Patricia Giselle Cipriani et al.
    Two novel LOTUS-domain proteins are core germ granule components that directly recruit Caenorhabditis elegans Vasa, regulate germ granule size and localization, and provide an organizational framework for ribonucleoprotein complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value signals guide abstraction during learning

    Aurelio Cortese et al.
    Valuation of sensory information in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex plays a key function in constructing the abstract representations that guide complex behaviours.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological rescue of impaired mitophagy in Parkinson’s disease-related LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Francois Singh et al.
    The most common Parkinson’s disease-associated mutation, LRRK2 G2019S, impairs mitophagy in clinically relevant cells within the mouse brain and this defect can be reversed using a novel LRRK2 inhibitor.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancer enhances TRAIL sensitivity via death receptor 4 upregulation and lipid raft localization

    Joshua D Greenlee et al.
    Oxaliplatin-resistant colorectal cancer cells exhibit unregulated death receptor 4 expression with increased receptor palmitoylation and translocation into lipid rafts, increasing their sensitivity to apoptosis via TRAIL.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavior: C. elegans does a spit take

    Michael Hendricks
    Eating can turn into spitting because individual parts of a muscle cell are able to contract in different ways.
    Insight
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A covariation analysis reveals elements of selectivity in quorum sensing systems

    Samantha Wellington Miranda et al.
    The extension of covariation analyses to proteins that coevolve but do not physically interact enabled identification of selectivity residues in quorum sensing proteins, providing insight into the evolution of signaling systems.