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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The transcription factor odd-paired regulates temporal identity in transit-amplifying neural progenitors via an incoherent feed-forward loop

    Merve Deniz Abdusselamoglu et al.
    Odd-paired (opa) is required for the progression of temporal patterning in Drosophila neural progenitors to regulate temporal identities via an incoherent feed-forward loop.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NK cells inhibit Plasmodium falciparum growth in red blood cells via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity

    Gunjan Arora et al.
    Red blood cells infected by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are destroyed by human natural killer cells in the presence of antibodies from people who have acquired clinical immunity to malaria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Robust manipulation of the behavior of Drosophila melanogaster by a fungal pathogen in the laboratory

    Carolyn Elya et al.
    A newly described isolate of the behavior-manipulating fly pathogen Entomophthora muscae that naturally infects fruit flies can be cultured in the lab, enabling molecular investigation of how microbes induce behavior changes in animal hosts.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Highly parallelized droplet cultivation and prioritization of antibiotic producers from natural microbial communities

    Lisa Mahler et al.
    This microscale cultivation strategy will help in the discovery of novel bacterial species and their prioritization for antibiotic screening campaigns.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A natural variant of the essential host gene MMS21 restricts the parasitic 2-micron plasmid in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Michelle Hays et al.
    A novel assay to measure 2-micron stability together with a survey of natural variation among Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains reveals novel means by which yeasts can combat the parasitic 2-micron plasmids.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Prospective identification of functionally distinct stem cells and neurosphere-initiating cells in adult mouse forebrain

    John K Mich et al.
    Flow cytometric isolation and fate mapping shows that neurosphere-initiating cells are highly mitotically active and persist only transiently in vivo, and are distinct from quiescent, long-lived neural stem cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effective use of a horizontally-transferred pathway for dichloromethane catabolism requires post–transfer refinement

    Joshua K Michener et al.
    Adapting bacteria to use an introduced metabolic pathway recapitulates natural mutations and offers a novel bioremediation strategy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent evolution of high virulence in isolated populations of a DNA virus

    Tom Hill, Robert L Unckless
    The same host–virus interactions can evolve multiple times in nature, due to the high effective mutation rate of viruses, and provide interesting systems of study.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive impact of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic landscape at population-scale

    Téo Fournier et al.
    Genome-wide association studies on a diallel yeast panel revealed the relevance of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic diversity and consequently on the missing heritability at a population-scale.