249 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The lawful imprecision of human surface tilt estimation in natural scenes

    Seha Kim, Johannes Burge
    Human tilt estimation in natural scenes is predicted by an image-computable Bayes optimal model that is grounded in the statistics of natural images and scenes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear receptor Ftz-f1 promotes follicle maturation and ovulation partly via bHLH/PAS transcription factor Sim

    Elizabeth M Knapp et al.
    Genetic analyses illustrate the novel requirement of Ftz-f1 and Sim in adult Drosophila ovaries for regulating follicle cell differentiation and ovulation that is likely conserved in mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preparation for upcoming attentional states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex

    Eren Günseli, Mariam Aly
    Memory guides attention by enabling preparation for upcoming states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A complex regulatory landscape involved in the development of mammalian external genitals

    Ana Rita Amândio et al.
    In vertebrates, large regulatory landscapes sometimes behave as coherent regulatory units, which may explain the lack of effect sometimes observed when single enhancer sequences are deleted in isolation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of excitation and inhibition in the dendrites of mouse direction-selective ganglion cells

    Varsha Jain et al.
    Accurate direction-selective information is present within small sections of the dendrites, raising the possibility that single dendrites utilize parallel processing schemes to process motion information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Push-pull competition between bottom-up and top-down auditory attention to natural soundscapes

    Nicholas Huang, Mounya Elhilali
    Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual cue-related activity of cells in the medial entorhinal cortex during navigation in virtual reality

    Amina A Kinkhabwala et al.
    Cue cells in the medial entorhinal cortex encode visual cues during virtual navigation, supporting the hypothesis that the brain represents visual cue information to error-correct grid cell firing during path-integration.

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