6,218 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The lawful imprecision of human surface tilt estimation in natural scenes

    Seha Kim, Johannes Burge
    Human tilt estimation in natural scenes is predicted by an image-computable Bayes optimal model that is grounded in the statistics of natural images and scenes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct contributions of functional and deep neural network features to representational similarity of scenes in human brain and behavior

    Iris IA Groen et al.
    Deep network features exhibit a robust correlation with brain activity in scene-selective cortex, but are not sufficient to explain human scene categorization behavior, which is strongly shaped by information about the function (possibility for action) of the scene.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural genetic variation in Arabidopsis thaliana defense metabolism genes modulates field fitness

    Rachel Kerwin et al.
    Environmental heterogeneity may contribute to the high levels of genetic variation in glucosinolate genes found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pou3f1 promotes neural fate commitment via activation of neural lineage genes and inhibition of external signaling pathways

    Qingqing Zhu et al.
    The transcription factor Pou3f1 triggers embryonic stem cells to become neuronal progenitor cells in two ways: by activating the expression of pro-neuronal genes and by blocking external inhibitory signaling cascades.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal Plasticity: Genetic signatures of memories

    Vivek Sagar, Thorsten Kahnt
    Memorable positive and negative experiences produce different profiles of gene expression in the brain areas associated with long-term memory.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Inference of nonlinear receptive field subunits with spike-triggered clustering

    Nishal P Shah et al.
    Nonlinear receptive field subunits in retinal ganglion cells are isolated and characterized by clustering spike-triggered stimuli, and validated on population responses to naturalistic and novel closed loop stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptive field center-surround interactions mediate context-dependent spatial contrast encoding in the retina

    Maxwell H Turner et al.
    In the retina, the receptive field surround preserves the spatial contrast sensitivity of the center in the face of naturalistic changes in local luminance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.

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