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    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism for contextualizing fragmented inputs during naturalistic vision

    Daniel Kaiser et al.
    In scene-selective occipital cortex and within 200 ms of processing, visual inputs are sorted according to their typical spatial position within a scene.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Further support for aneuploidy tolerance in wild yeast and effects of dosage compensation on gene copy-number evolution

    Audrey P Gasch et al.
    Many natural isolates of budding yeast carry extra chromosome copies and show lower-than-expected expression at a subset of amplified genes, which show unique evolutionary signatures.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of cancer cell vulnerabilities to natural killer cell-mediated immune surveillance

    Matthew F Pech et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 screens reveal a role for the ubiquitin ligase substrate adaptor DCAF15 in the immune surveillance of cancer cells by natural killer cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Automated long-term recording and analysis of neural activity in behaving animals

    Ashesh K Dhawale et al.
    A new automated system for recording and analyzing neural activity in behaving animals over months-long time-scales offers new perspectives on how neural circuits underlie processes such as learning, development, and recovery from brain injury.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Natural changes in light interact with circadian regulation at promoters to control gene expression in cyanobacteria

    Joseph Robert Piechura et al.
    Cyanobacteria cope with both predictable day/night changes and natural fluctuations in light during the day by adjusting the expression dynamics of circadian-clock-controlled genes via a network of transcriptional regulators.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular basis of fatty acid taste in Drosophila

    Ji-Eun Ahn et al.
    Molecular-genetic, neural imaging and behavioral analyses reveal how Drosophila melanogaster sense fatty acids, important nutrient compounds, through multimeric Ionoptropic Receptors complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    What the success of brain imaging implies about the neural code

    Olivia Guest, Bradley C Love
    For brain imaging to be useful despite its limitations in measuring neural activity, the neural code must be smooth both in a traditional sense and functionally.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    How scent and nectar influence floral antagonists and mutualists

    Danny Kessler et al.
    Floral scent and nectar are highly variable in natural populations and both traits can influence outcrossing rates differently for different pollinators and increase future herbivory.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental constraints in synchronous muscle limit superfast motor control in vertebrates

    Andrew F Mead et al.
    Vertebrate superfast muscles employ similar excitation–contraction strategies but distinct myosin heavy chain genes to allow superfast performance, revealing a maximum speed that cannot be overcome without sacrificing neural control.