5,735 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural basis of somatosensory target detection independent of uncertainty, relevance, and reports

    Pia Schröder et al.
    Neural correlates of somatosensory target detection are restricted to secondary somatosensory cortex, whereas activity in insular, cingulate, and motor regions reflects stimulus uncertainty and overt reports.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuropeptide tachykinin is essential for pheromone detection in a gustatory neural circuit

    Shruti Shankar et al.
    The cellular and molecular substrates that underlie the programmed behavioral response to a gustatory sex pheromone have been identified.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Diagnostic potential for a serum miRNA neural network for detection of ovarian cancer

    Kevin M Elias et al.
    Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neural crest-specific deletion of Rbfox2 in mice leads to craniofacial abnormalities including cleft palate

    Dasan Mary Cibi et al.
    The identification of the splicing code and all the required components of alternative splicing will be crucial for a comprehensive understanding of this process in the neural crest cell biology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural selection and repeated patterns of molecular evolution following allopatric divergence

    Yibo Dong et al.
    The genomic architecture of allopatric species is a mosaic of many conserved genes and a few adaptive ones, reflecting balance between conservation of ancestral functions and evolution of new features.
    1. Neuroscience

    The comprehensive connectome of a neural substrate for ‘ON’ motion detection in Drosophila

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis identifies the complex circuits of a visual motion-sensing neuron that qualify them to generate direction-selective motion sensing signals using both Hassenstein-Reichardt and Barlow-Levick models.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neutral Evolution: The randomness that shapes our DNA

    Kelley Harris
    Just 5% of the human genome is subject to neutral evolution but this process remains central to understanding the history of human migration across the Earth.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the bifunctional secretin complex of Thermus thermophilus

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    The pilus extrusion/DNA uptake system of Thermus thermophilus contains a 13-mer of the 757-residue PilQ protein and a tightly bound protein outside the outer membrane with a role in DNA binding.

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