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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of distributed sensing and collective computation in animal populations

    Andrew M Hein et al.
    A computational model shows that natural selection can cause populations to evolve a distinctive population-level phenotype: the ability to transition between collective states in response to the environment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Host proteostasis modulates influenza evolution

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Host protein homeostasis is a critical force shaping influenza evolution, impacting both the nature of selection on the influenza genome and the accessibility of specific mutational trajectories.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mouse V1 population correlates of visual detection rely on heterogeneity within neuronal response patterns

    Jorrit S Montijn et al.
    Heterogeneity of neural responses in mouse cortex correlates better with visual detection than mean population activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A serial multiplex immunogold labeling method for identifying peptidergic neurons in connectomes

    Réza Shahidi et al.
    A new technique called ‘siGOLD’ allows neural circuits to be mapped using a combination of antibody labeling and electron microscopy.
    1. Neuroscience

    EM connectomics reveals axonal target variation in a sequence-generating network

    Jörgen Kornfeld et al.
    Combining light microscopy and electron microscopy uncovered patterns of neural connectivity in a zebra finch forebrain region capable of generating song-related sequential activity, contributing to our understanding of the neural circuitry that underlies skilled motor performance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comprehensive fitness maps of Hsp90 show widespread environmental dependence

    Julia M Flynn et al.
    Environmental conditions strongly impact the fitness effects of Hsp90, resulting in the selection of Hsp90 sequences in nature that are robust to a variety of stressful conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Environmental heterogeneity can tip the population genetics of range expansions

    Matti Gralka, Oskar Hallatschek
    Environmental heterogeneity can dramatically reduce the efficacy of selection and alter the neutral evolutionary dynamics in microbial range expansions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomics of the zebrafish's lateral-line neuromast reveals wiring and miswiring in a simple microcircuit

    Eliot Dow et al.
    The technique of serial blockface scanning electron microscopy, which permits the complete reconstruction of neuronal structures, allows comparison of the detailed "wiring diagrams" of lateral-line receptor organs in wild-type and mutant zebrafish.