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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation reveals that intracellular distribution of ELF3 protein is associated with function in the circadian clock

    Muhammad Usman Anwer et al.
    In Arabidopsis, a natural variant of the ELF3 protein, which originated in Central Asia, is less likely to accumulate in the nucleus, and causes the circadian clock to run faster and be less responsive to environmental cues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wiring variations that enable and constrain neural computation in a sensory microcircuit

    William F Tobin et al.
    Systematic and coordinated variations in morphology and connectivity can structurally tune a microcircuit's computation but non-systematic variably also exists, imparting "connection noise" that potentially limits processing performance.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytoplasmic genetic variation and extensive cytonuclear interactions influence natural variation in the metabolome

    Bindu Joseph et al.
    Genes located within cellular organelles impact phenotype more than expected due to their interactions with nuclear genes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Variation in natural exposure to anopheles mosquitoes and its effects on malaria transmission

    Wamdaogo M Guelbéogo et al.
    Heterogeneity in exposure to malaria vectors, including sporozoite-infected mosquitoes, contributes to the variation in human infection risk and amplifies the local transmission potential.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dosage compensation can buffer copy-number variation in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    Dosage-compensated gene expression facilitates chromosomal aneuploidy, which presents a rapid route to phenotypic evolution in natural yeast isolates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Juxtaposition of heterozygous and homozygous regions causes reciprocal crossover remodelling via interference during Arabidopsis meiosis

    Piotr A Ziolkowski et al.
    Heterozygosity changes the balance between interfering and non-interfering crossovers during Arabidopsis meiosis.
    1. Plant Biology

    Natural haplotypes of FLM non-coding sequences fine-tune flowering time in ambient spring temperatures in Arabidopsis

    Ulrich Lutz et al.
    Gene expression changes associated with polymorphisms in non-coding sequences of the flowering time regulator FLM directly influence flowering time in ambient temperature in Arabidopsis over an extended vegetative period.
    1. Plant Biology

    LPCAT1 controls phosphate homeostasis in a zinc-dependent manner

    Mushtak Kisko et al.
    Phosphate accumulation in zinc-deficient Arabidobsis shoots is regulated by a pathway involving the transcription factor bZIP23, the phospholipid-remodelling enzyme LPCAT1 and the transporter PHT1;1.
    1. Plant Biology

    A florigen paralog is required for short-day vernalization in a pooid grass

    Daniel Woods et al.
    In Brachypodiumdistachyon, a single locus accounts for natural variation in whether perception of short day-lengths confers competence to flower.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.