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    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation reveals that intracellular distribution of ELF3 protein is associated with function in the circadian clock

    Muhammad Usman Anwer et al.
    In Arabidopsis, a natural variant of the ELF3 protein, which originated in Central Asia, is less likely to accumulate in the nucleus, and causes the circadian clock to run faster and be less responsive to environmental cues.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Variation in natural exposure to anopheles mosquitoes and its effects on malaria transmission

    Wamdaogo M Guelbéogo et al.
    Heterogeneity in exposure to malaria vectors, including sporozoite-infected mosquitoes, contributes to the variation in human infection risk and amplifies the local transmission potential.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wiring variations that enable and constrain neural computation in a sensory microcircuit

    William F Tobin et al.
    Systematic and coordinated variations in morphology and connectivity can structurally tune a microcircuit's computation but non-systematic variably also exists, imparting "connection noise" that potentially limits processing performance.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic architecture of natural variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition in Drosophila melanogaster

    Lauren M Dembeck et al.
    Genome wide association analyses in a wild-derived Drosophila melanogaster population uncover extensive variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition, which may present a target for natural selection and adaptive evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dosage compensation can buffer copy-number variation in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    Dosage-compensated gene expression facilitates chromosomal aneuploidy, which presents a rapid route to phenotypic evolution in natural yeast isolates.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Host-pathogen coevolution increases genetic variation in susceptibility to infection

    Elizabeth ML Duxbury et al.
    A history of coevolution increases genetic variation in the susceptibility of Drosophila to viruses, largely by introducing major-effect resistance polymorphisms into populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine signaling tunes spatial pattern selectivity in C. elegans

    Bicheng Han et al.
    Natural variations in touch-dependent dopamine signaling tune the perception of spatial patterns in C. elegans.
    1. Ecology

    Substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis of chlorophyll f-containing cyanobacteria in a natural habitat

    Michael Kühl et al.
    Cyanobacteria with chlorophyll f show substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis and can play an important role for primary production in endolithic, intertidal habitats.