428 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Nemo-like kinase is a novel regulator of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy

    Tiffany W Todd et al.
    Nemo-like kinase is a key protein promoting the pathogenesis of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reverse evolution leads to genotypic incompatibility despite functional and active site convergence

    Miriam Kaltenbach et al.
    Enzyme evolution is reversible on a structural and functional (phenotypic) level, but through a different mutational pathway that leads to genotypic incompatibility with the ancestor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) generates heterotypic ubiquitin chains

    Alan Rodriguez Carvajal et al.
    The E3 ubiquitin ligase complex linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) forms a branched chain on linear ubiquitin chains depending on the RING-in-between-RING-type E3 ligase heme-oxidized IRP2 ubiquitin ligase 1 (HOIL-1L).
    1. Neuroscience

    Neto auxiliary proteins control both the trafficking and biophysical properties of the kainate receptor GluK1

    Nengyin Sheng et al.
    Auxiliary subunits Neto1 and Neto2 regulate the GluK1 receptor targeting to excitatory silent synapses through different molecular mechanisms and also modify receptor biophysics through distinct mechanisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MAVS recruits multiple ubiquitin E3 ligases to activate antiviral signaling cascades

    Siqi Liu et al.
    A cell-free system combined with cell-based assays elucidate the biochemical mechanism of signal transduction mediated by the mitochondrial protein MAVS and delineates the role of ubiquitin E3 ligases in antiviral innate immune responses.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial organization shapes the turnover of a bacterial transcriptome

    Jeffrey R Moffitt et al.
    Transcriptome-scale RNA imaging and lifetime measurements reveal that the E. coli transcriptome is spatially organized and that this organization modulates the post-transcriptional fate of bacterial mRNAs.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    GPCR signaling inhibits mTORC1 via PKA phosphorylation of Raptor

    Jenna L Jewell et al.
    Protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylates Raptor and inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    HIF-1α is required for disturbed flow-induced metabolic reprogramming in human and porcine vascular endothelium

    David Wu et al.
    Hemodynamic forces regulate endothelial cell metabolism, which in turn regulates endothelial inflammation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATM regulation of IL-8 links oxidative stress to cancer cell migration and invasion

    Wei-Ta Chen et al.
    The ATM kinase has an unanticipated role in tumor progression through the regulation of cell migration by oxidative stress.

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