232 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Human-specific ARHGAP11B induces hallmarks of neocortical expansion in developing ferret neocortex

    Nereo Kalebic et al.
    Expression of human-specific gene ARHGAP11B in the developing ferret neocortex leads to an increase in abundance of neural progenitor cells, which results in neocortex expansion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural heterogeneity of layer 4 excitatory synaptic boutons in the adult human temporal lobe neocortex

    Rachida Yakoubi et al.
    Neocortical synapses in layer 4 of the human temporal lobe neocortex were quantitatively characterized, at the subcellular level, using high-end, high-resolution electron microscopy and 3D-volume reconstructions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cortical Development: Do progenitors play dice?

    Esther Klingler, Denis Jabaudon
    The wide range of cell types produced by single progenitors in the neocortex of mice may result from stochastic rather than deterministic processes.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary networks of cortical somatostatin interneurons enforce layer specific control

    Alexander Naka et al.
    Subtypes of dendrite-targeting somatostatin cells segregate into separate networks by specifically connecting with neurons in different layers, forming circuits that could independently control different input pathways to the neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors form a structured synaptic network in the developing neocortex

    David Orduz et al.
    During the second postnatal week, a temporary circuit made up of specific types of neurons plus the precursors of oligodendrocytes is established in the brain, and may promote the maturation of oligodendrocytes in preparation for myelination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural analysis of adult mouse neocortex comparing aldehyde perfusion with cryo fixation

    Natalya Korogod et al.
    Snap-freezing of brain tissue reveals its true structure-showing that cells are less squashed together, and the connections between neurons are less enclosed than previously thought.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Layer specific and general requirements for ERK/MAPK signaling in the developing neocortex

    Lei Xing et al.
    Aberrant ERK/MAPK signaling in cortical pyramidal neurons leads to selective disruption of layer 5 circuit development and generalized changes in neuronal excitability.

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