295 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative mapping of transcriptome and proteome dynamics during polarization of human iPSC-derived neurons

    Feline W Lindhout et al.
    A dynamic qualitative and quantitative map of human iPSC-derived neuronal stem cells transitioning into polarized neurons with the identification and characterization of a previously unrecognized axon developmental stage.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    miRNA profile is altered in a modified EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis featuring cortical lesions

    Nicola S Orefice et al.
    A novel EAE model featuring cortical lesions and an autoimmune heterogeneity, two key parameters missing in the classical model, allows for insights in disease pathogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical RORβ is required for layer 4 transcriptional identity and barrel integrity

    Erin A Clark et al.
    RORβ is a key layer 4 transcription factor orchestrating a critical juncture in barrel development where terminal differentiation and activity inputs are integrated to drive cellular organization in the cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesoscopic-scale functional networks in the primate amygdala

    Jeremiah K Morrow et al.
    Multivariate data decomposition applied to local field potentials recorded from the primate amygdala revealed simultaneously active and functionally distinct networks, defined by anatomical boundaries between the nuclei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of specific cortical GABAergic circuits underlie abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome

    Javier Zorrilla de San Martin et al.
    Distinct intrinsic excitability and synaptic dysfunctions in specific cortical inhibitory circuits lead to abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A transient role of the ciliary gene Inpp5e in controlling direct versus indirect neurogenesis in cortical development

    Kerstin Hasenpusch-Theil et al.
    Primary-cilia-mediated processing of the Gli3 transcription factor enables the formation of subtypes of projection neurons in appropriate numbers during the development of the cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-thalamic origin of zebrafish sensory nuclei implies convergent evolution of visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts

    Solal Bloch et al.
    Mesencephalic origin of the zebrafish thalamocortical-like visual projection neurons indicates independent evolution of tectofugal visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light-induced engagement of microglia to focally remodel synapses in the adult brain

    Carla Cangalaya et al.
    The causal role of microglia in the acceleration of spine turnover and generation of presynaptic filopodia is directly demonstrated in the adult brain following acute focal synaptic photodamage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amphetamine reduces reward encoding and stabilizes neural dynamics in rat anterior cingulate cortex

    Saeedeh Hashemnia et al.
    Amphetamine reduces reward signaling by neurons in rat prefrontal cortex, but increases the stability of population dynamics, which account for animals’ increased task engagement, despite reduced reward motivation.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.

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