691 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission dynamics and control of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates in a developing country

    Thomas Crellen et al.
    Colonisation with resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Cambodian neonatal unit is driven by person-to-person transmission, transmissibility varies by sequence type, and antibiotic consumption generally increases the risk of acquisition.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fetal and neonatal hematopoietic progenitors are functionally and transcriptionally resistant to Flt3-ITD mutations

    Shaina N Porter et al.
    Age-specific transcriptional responses to Flt3-ITD and cooperating Flt3/Runx1 mutations cause hematopoietic stem cell depletion and myeloid progenitor expansion during adult, but not fetal/neonatal, stages of development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glutamatergic drive along the septo-temporal axis of hippocampus boosts prelimbic oscillations in the neonatal mouse

    Joachim Ahlbeck et al.
    Combined optogenetics and electrophysiology in vivo identified the cellular substrate of hippocampal drive that initiates the oscillatory entrainment of prefrontal cortex in neonatal mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes support neonatal mouse heart regeneration in response to paracrine IGF2 signaling

    Hua Shen et al.
    Neonatal mouse heart regeneration relies on the presence of mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes, which unites this process with embryonic heart growth and adult heart regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Loss of circadian protection against influenza infection in adult mice exposed to hyperoxia as neonates

    Yasmine Issah et al.
    Neonatal hyperoxia abrogates the circadian protection from influenza infection in recovered adults.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perinatal hormones favor CC17 group B Streptococcus intestinal translocation through M cells and hypervirulence in neonates

    Constantin Hays et al.
    Hormonal concentrations found in over 7-day-old neonates favor CC17 GBS invasiveness in a process linked to intestinal M cells maturation and mediated by the CC17 GBS surface protein Srr2.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantifying noxious-evoked baseline sensitivity in neonates to optimise analgesic trials

    Maria M Cobo et al.
    Measuring individual differences in noxious-evoked baseline sensitivity in neonates can substantially reduce sample sizes required in neonatal analgesic trials.
    1. Medicine

    Mechanisms underlying neonate-specific metabolic effects of volatile anesthetics

    Julia Stokes et al.
    Volatile anesthetics impair hepatic tricarboxylic acid cycle function in adult and neonatal mice, with citrate accumulation driving a neonate-specific inhibition of beta-oxidation and ketosis through their increased relative sensitivity to malonyl-CoA.

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